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Table 1 Summary of reported non-traumatic full-thickness macular hole in paediatric patients

From: Idiopathic full thickness macular hole in a 10-year-old girl

Author, case year Associated cause of macular hole No. of patients Pt no. Patient age (months, yrs), gender Presenting BCVA Size of hole (μm) Surgery Outcome Last exam BCVA
Ahmad 2005 Retinopathy of Prematurity 5 1 10 months F Not reported Not reported Yes Scleral buckle PPV + FAX Large macular hole 20/3270
    2 3 years 2 months F Not reported Not reported Yes PPV + ILM peel +FAX Cyanoacrylate glue applied to the hole Radial scleral buckle Cyanoacrylate glue present Retina attached 20/760
    3 1 year 3 months F Not reported Not reported Yes Radial sponge × 2 Retina attached CF 2 feet
    4 1 year 2 months F Not reported Not reported No Total retinal detachment NLP
    5 2 years M Not reported Not reported Yes Radial sponge PPV + ILM peel + silicone oil Retina attached 20/360
Albini 2005 Bartonella Neuroretinitis 1 1 10 years F CF 1 foot 750 × 500 μm No Not reported Not reported
Yokoyama 2005 Juvenile Idiopathic Epiretinal Membrane 1 1 3 years F 20/125 Not reported Yes PPV + ILM Peel Macular hole closed 20/80
Nakano 2005 Incomplete regression of a Bergmeister Papilla 1 1 10 years F 20/25 Not reported Yes PPV + ICG ILM Peel + SF6 Post operative prone position 1 week Macular hole closed 20/60
Donnio 2008 Bartonella Neuroretinitis 1 1 11 years M 20/200 Not reported No Not reported Not reported
Kumar 2010 Coats’ Disease 1 1 9 years M 20/400 Not reported No Not reported Not reported
Wong 2012 Coats’ Disease 1 1 10 years M 20/150 Not reported Yes PPV + Autologous plasmin enzyme injection PPV + ICG ILM peel + C3F8 tamponade Macular hole closed 20/60
Park 2012 Idiopathic Cavitary Maculopathy 1 1 8 years F 20/40 Not reported Yes PPV + ILM peel + C3F8 Post operative prone position 2 weeks Macular hole closed 20/40
Fernandez 2013 Accidental Nd:YAG laser 1 1 11 years M 20/100 1077 μm Yes PPV + ILM Peel + C3F8 Post operative prone position 1 week Macular hole closed 20/25
Seth 2015 Bartonella Neuroretinitis 1 1 11 years F CF 1 foot Not reported No Not reported Not reported
Bansal 2017 Choroidal Coloboma 1 1 10 years F 20/60 Not reported Not reported Not reported Not reported
  1. BCVA best corrected visual acuity, PPV pars plana vitrectomy, FAX fluid air exchange, ILM internal limiting membrane, CF count fingers, NLP no light perception, ICG indocyanine green, C3F8 Perfluoropropane, SF6 sulfur hexafluoride