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Table 2 Preoperative ocular characteristics

From: Endoscopy-assisted vitrectomy vs. vitrectomy alone: comparative study in complex retinal detachment with proliferative vitreoretinopathy

  PPV-only E-PPV p value
Baseline BCVA (LogMAR)
 Mean (95% CI) 1.59 (1.36–1.82) 1.60 (1.30–1.91) 0.944
IOP (mmHg)
 Mean (95% CI) 12.3 (10.5–14.0) 11.3 (9.3–13.3) 0.474
Lens status, n (%)a,b
 Phakic 18 (32.7) 2 (5.6) 0.002
 Pseudophakic 37 (67.3) 34 (94.4)
Diagnosis, n (%)a
 RD + PVR 31 (48.4) 11 (29.7) 0.016
 Recurrent RD 21 (32.8) 8 (21.6)
 Recurrent RD under SO 7 (10.9) 12 (32.4)
 Recurrent RD post-SO removal 5 (7.8) 6 (16.2)
  1. PPV pars plana vitrectomy, BCVA best corrected visual acuity, E-PPV endoscopy-assisted PPV, IOP intraocular pressure, IOL intraocular lens, RD retinal detachment, PVR proliferative vitreoretinopathy, SO silicone oil
  2. aProportions based on the total number of eyes included
  3. bLens status was missing for nine eyes in the PPV only group and one eye in the endoscopy-assisted PPV group