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Table 2 Incidence and characteristics of acute-onset endophthalmitis after 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy

From: Endophthalmitis after pars plana vitrectomy with reused single-use devices: a 13-year retrospective study

Study (year) Present study (2019) Lin et al. [19] Xiang-yu et al. [15] Lihteh et al. [26] Oshima et al. [2] Parolini et al. [18]
Period of study (number of years) 2005–2017 (13) 2011–2014 (4) 2002–2012 (11) 2005–2009 (5) 2003–2008 (6) 2003–2008 (6)
No. of cases per patients (incidence rate) 8/9102 (0.09) 3/3979 (0.08) 0/632 (0) 3/10,845 (0.03) 2/6660 (0.03) 0/943 (0)
No. of cases with postoperative hypotony (%) 0 NA NA 0
Intraoperative injections (number of infected eyes receiving injections) 0 NA SC antibioticsa (2/3) NA
Median onset of endophthalmitis (days) 5 (1–6) 2 (1–5) 3 (2–3) 1.5 (1–2)
No. of cases with culture-positive (%) 4/8 (50) 2/3 (67) 2/3 (67) 2/2 (100)
Causative Microorganisms (%) SL, EF, PM, AF SE, ES SE, SA ES, MSSA
  1. NA not available, SC subconjunctival, SL Staphylococcus lugdunensis, PM Proteus mirabilis, AF Aspergillus flavus, SE Staphylococcus epidermidis, ES Enterococcus faecalis, SA Staphylococcus aureus, MSSA methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus
  2. aTypes of antibiotics were not given