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Table 1 Clinical and OCT features of patients with internal limiting membrane detachment (ILMD) following acute central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO)

From: Internal limiting membrane detachment in acute central retinal artery occlusion: a novel prognostic sign seen on OCT

No Age/sex Systemic disease Affected eye Duration of symptoms IOP VA at presentation Fundus features Clinical diagnosis OCT features at the time of ILMD development Time interval between presentation and ILMD Ocular treatment given Vision at final visit OCT features at final visit Follow-up duration
1 35/M None LE 1 Day 13 PL–ve 1) Retinal whitening
2) Cherry red spot
3) An island of normal retina temporal to the optic disc
4) Normal optic nerve head
CRAO with CLA sparing 1) Posterior vitreous opacities
2) Inner retinal thickening
3) Inner retinal opacification
4) Loss of retinal layer stratification
5) ILMD noted at the posterior pole with a few low intensity hyperreflective dots noted within the ILM detachment
5 days 1) Ocular massage
2) Anterior chamber paracentesis
3) Oral Acetazolamide 250 mg
PL–ve Atrophy and thinning of the inner retinal layers with reattachment of ILMD 28
2 30/M CVA RE 7 days 12 PL–ve 1) Pale optic nerve head
2) Peripapillary whitening
3) Retinal vessel attenuation
4) A thin atrophic retina
5) Possible macular hole
CRAO with macular hole 1) Posterior vitreous opacities
2) Inner retinal thinning
3) ILMD noted at the posterior pole with a few hyperreflective dots noted within the ILMD
4) Full thickness macular hole defect
At presentation 1) Oral Acetazolamide 250 mg
3 69/F None LE 7 days 11 CF 1mt 1) Retinal opacification at the posterior pole
2) Cherry red spot
3) Retinal vessel attenuation
CRAO 1) Posterior vitreous opacities
2) Normal retinal thickness
3) Retinal opacification
4) Normal foveal contour
5) ILMD at the fovea
At presentation Referred to internist
4 25/M None RE 3 h 16 PL + ve 1) Retinal whitening
2) Cherry red spot
3) Normal optic nerve head
CRAO 1) Posterior vitreous opacities
2) Inner retinal thickening
3) Inner retinal opacification
4) Loss of retinal layer stratification
5) ILMD noted at the posterior pole with a few low intensity hyperreflective dots noted within the ILMD
1 day 1) Ocular massage
2) Anterior chamber paracentesis 3) Oral Acetazolamide 250 mg
PL + ve Atrophy, thinning and necrosis of the retinal layers
ILMD +  + 
Macula hole +  + 
14
5 15/M None RE 1 days 14 PL + ve 1) Retinal whitening
2) Cherry red spot
CRAO 1) Posterior vitreous opacities
2) Inner retinal thickening
3) Inner retinal opacification
4) Loss of retinal layer stratification
5) ILMD noted at the posterior pole with a few low intensity hyperreflective dots and material noted within the ILMD
3 days 1) Ocular massage
2) Anterior chamber paracentesis 3) Oral Acetazolamide 250 mg
PL–ve Atrophy and thinning of the inner retinal layers with reattachment of ILMD 28
  1. M male, F female, CVA cerebrovascular accident, RE right eye, LE left eye, CLA cilioretinal artery, PL perception of light