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Table 1 Clinical and demographic characteristics of the studied groups

From: Choroidal thickness in relation to urinary albumin excretion rate in type 2 diabetes mellitus without retinopathy

  Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 F p Post hoc test
Mean  ±  SD Mean  ±  SD Mean  ±  SD 1 vs 2 1 vs 3 2 vs 3
Age (years) 47.31  ±  4.71 48.45  ±  4.75 48.98  ±  4.99 1.87 0.157 0.404 0.143 0.817
Duration of DM (years) 7.96  ±  2.16 8.42  ±  2.35 1.29 0.259 0.259
HBA1c (%) 5.75  ±  0.42 8.08  ±  0.88 11.53  ±  1.20 637.14 <  0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
RBS (mg/dl) 182.93  ±  28.12 225.85  ±  37.00 309.70  ±  48.23 166.79 <  0.001 <  0.001 <  0.001 <  0.001
BCVA (LogMAR) 0.00  ±  0.00 0.00  ±  0.00 0.00  ±  0.00 1.000 1.000 1.000
IOP (mm Hg) 13.85  ±  1.62 13.43  ±  1.42 13.75  ±  1.63 1.03 0.358 0.326 0.702 0.803
SE (D) − 0.26  ±  0.52 − 0.30  ±  0.39 − 0.35  ±  0.39 0.65 0.523 0.862 0.490 0.809
AL (mm) 23.82  ±  0.70 23.96  ±  0.66 23.98  ±  0.51 1.07 0.344 0.470 0.372 0.984
UAER (µg/min) 11.94  ±  2.71 13.89  ±  42.08 115.71  ±  42.08 352.35 <  0.001 0.915 <  0.001 <  0.001
Serum creatinine (mg/dL) 0.78  ±  0.12 0.79  ±  0.10 0.77  ±  0.11 0.49 0.612 0.873 0.873 0.582
eGFR
(mL/min/1.73 m2)
100.78  ±  5.83 99.82  ±  5.16 100.47  ±  5.31 0.48 0.616 0.599 0.948 0.790
  1. HBA1c glycosylated haemoglobin; RBS random blood sugar; CCT central corneal thickness; BCVA best corrected visual acuity; IOP intraocular pressure; SE spherical equivalent; AL axial length; UAER urinary albumin excretion rate; eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate calculated using the MDRD (modification of diet in renal disease) formula