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  1. Content type: Original article

    Advances in neonatal care promoted increased survival rates of preterm infants, with a consequent increase in the number of children affected by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study estimates the incid...

    Authors: André Moraes Freitas, Ricardo Mörschbächer, Mariana R. Thorell and Ernani Luis Rhoden

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:20

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  2. Content type: Review

    To describe the recent diagnostic and treatment options for the most predominant form of primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL), namely diffuse large B cell lymphoma. This is mainly based on the experience at t...

    Authors: Jose S. Pulido, Patrick B. Johnston, Grzegorz S. Nowakowski, Alessia Castellino and Harish Raja

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:18

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    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:22

  3. Content type: Case report

    Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genetic mutations and intra-procedural inhaled nitrous oxide (N2O) independently increase blood levels of homocysteine, a compound associated with thrombosis. Patients ...

    Authors: Kelley J. Bohm, Y. Pierre Gobin, Jasmine H. Francis, Gabrielle McInerney, Anahita Dabo-Trubelja, Paul H. Dalecki, Brian P. Marr and David H. Abramson

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:16

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  4. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The aim of this article is to underline the effect of pregnancy on the variations of choroidal thickness caused by hormonal and haemodynamic changes.

    Authors: Lorenzo Ferro Desideri, Fabio Barra, Simone Ferrero and Aldo Vagge

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:14

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  5. Content type: Original article

    To describe optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) findings in patients with retinal vasculitis and to compare them to current fluorescein angiography (FA) findings.

    Authors: Julio Zaki Abucham-Neto, André Augusto Miranda Torricelli, Aline Cristina Fioravanti Lui, Sarah Napoli Guimarães, Heloisa Nascimento and Caio Vinícius Regatieri

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:15

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  6. Content type: Original article

    Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) plays a significant role in maintenance of integrity of retinal photoreceptors and choriocapillaries. RPE derives its blood supply through ophthalmic artery (OA) via choriocapi...

    Authors: Manila Khatri, Sandeep Saxena, Apjit Kaur, Shashi K. Bhasker, Manoj Kumar and Carsten H. Meyer

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:12

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  7. Content type: Original article

    To evaluate the retinal and choroidal alterations in steroid-associated central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) in comparison to idiopathic CSC.

    Authors: Vikas Ambiya, Abhilash Goud, Mohammed Abdul Rasheed, Sankeert Gangakhedkar, Kiran Kumar Vupparaboina and Jay Chhablani

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:11

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  8. Content type: Original article

    Among the retinal vascular diseases, burden of retinal vein occlusion is most common immediately after diabetic retinopathy. Intravitreal corticosteroids are gaining popularity in managing macular edema (ME) ...

    Authors: S. K. Mishra, A. Gupta, S. Patyal, S. Kumar, K. Raji, A. Singh and V. Sharma

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:13

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Precise, submillimeter visualization of retinal microstructures is useful for treatment monitoring of retinoblastoma. Herein, we report the use of hand-held optical coherence tomography (HH-OCT) to document a ...

    Authors: Mark McGarrey, Thamolwan Surakiatchanukul and Carol L. Shields

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:9

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  10. Content type: Original article

    To assess closure rate after a single surgery of large macular holes and their visual recovery in the short term with three different surgical techniques.

    Authors: Raul Velez-Montoya, J. Abel Ramirez-Estudillo, Carl Sjoholm-Gomez de Liano, Francisco Bejar-Cornejo, Jorge Sanchez-Ramos, Jose Luis Guerrero-Naranjo, Virgilio Morales-Canton and Sergio E. Hernandez-Da Mota

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:8

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Mitomycin C (MMC) as an alkylating agent is miscellaneous an antineoplastic, antibiotic and ophthalmic agent. Here we aim to report a case of inadvertent intravitreal MMC injection instead of Avastin in case o...

    Authors: Ahmad Mirshahi, Alireza Lashay, Mohammad Reza Mehrabi Bahar and Mojtaba Abrishami

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:7

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  12. Content type: Original article

    Evaluation of the impact of different macular optical coherence parameters on visual acuity as early as 1 day after injection of ranibizumab in patients with subfoveal exsudative age-related macular degeneration.

    Authors: Nicole Antunes de Almeida and Osias Francisco de Souza

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:5

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  13. Content type: Original article

    The impact of pregnancy on the choroid is still under investigation. The aim of this study is to compare choroidal thickness measurements of healthy pregnant women in the third trimester and healthy non-pregna...

    Authors: Camila Zanella Benfica, Teresinha Zanella, Lucas Brandolt Farias, Maria Lúcia Rocha Oppermann, Luis Henrique Santos Canani and Daniel Lavinsky

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:6

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  14. Content type: Original article

    To evaluate macular pigment optical density (MPOD) and to identify its determinants in a sample of Brazilian individuals.

    Authors: Letícia Pinto Coelho Jorge, Carlos Eduardo Gonçalves Pereira, Eduardo Jorge and Marcos Pereira de Ávila

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:4

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  15. Content type: Original article

    Polydimethyl silicones (silicone oils) are used in complex retinal surgeries, including difficult or recurrent retinal detachments, severe eye trauma, and other indications for long term tamponade. Two major ...

    Authors: Shira Sheen-Ophir, Mordechai Rosner and Alexander Rubowitz

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:3

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  16. Content type: Review

    Autoimmune retinopathy (AIR) is a rare and still poorly understood immune-mediated disease that may cause inflammation from circulating autoantibodies against the retina. It may be related to history of autoim...

    Authors: Aristófanes Mendonça Canamary Jr., Walter Yukihiko Takahashi and Juliana Maria Ferraz Sallum

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:1

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  17. Content type: Original article

    To report fluorescein angiography findings in a group of albuminuric Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients without diabetic retinopathy.

    Authors: Fernando Korn Malerbi, Caio Vinicius Regatieri, João Roberto de Sa, Paulo Henrique Morales, Michel Eid Farah and Sergio Atala Dib

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:49

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  18. Content type: Original article

    To compare the recurrence rate and need for reoperation after epiretinal membrane surgery with and without removal of the internal limiting membrane.

    Authors: Fernando José De Novelli, Mauro Goldbaum, Mario Luiz Ribeiro Monteiro, Fabio Bom Aggio, Mario Junqueira Nóbrega and Walter Yukihiko Takahashi

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:48

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  19. Content type: Original article

    To compare the primary anatomical outcome of pars plana vitrectomy, 360° peripheral endolaser, and 15% octafluoropropane C3F8 gas tamponade in patients with uncomplicated rhegmatogenous detachment and inferior re...

    Authors: Radwan Ajlan, Jordan Isenberg, Ghassan Cordahi, Renaud Duval, Sébastien Olivier and Flavio Rezende

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:47

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  20. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Here we present procedural and safety results from our initial experience using 3D heads-up vitrectomy for retinal detachment surgery. The comparison with our outcomes from previous standard surgery shows how ...

    Authors: Michele Coppola, Carlo La Spina, Alessandro Rabiolo, Giuseppe Querques and Francesco Bandello

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:46

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become an invaluable tool in retinoblastoma management, providing submillimeter visualization of tumor control following treatment. Herein, we document OCT-detection of a...

    Authors: Vera Yarovaya, Kareem Sioufi and Carol L. Shields

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:43

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  22. Content type: Original article

    To review long time treatment results in patients with small or medium sized choroidal melanoma who underwent surgical tumor endoresection as a primary treatment when plaque radiotherapy was unable and patient...

    Authors: Andre A. C. Vidoris, Andre Maia, Marcia Lowen, Melina Morales, Jordan Isenberg, Bruno F. Fernandes and Rubens N. Belfort

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:42

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  23. Content type: Original article

    Subretinal cell transplantation is a challenging surgical maneuver. This paper describes the preliminary findings of a new tissue injector for subretinal implantation of an ultrathin non-absorbable substrate ...

    Authors: Rodrigo A. Brant Fernandes, Francisco R. Stefanini, Paulo Falabella, Michael J. Koss, Trent Wells, Bruno Diniz, Ramiro Ribeiro, Paulo Schor, Mauricio Maia, Fernando M. Penha, David R. Hinton, Yu-Chong Tai and Mark Humayun

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:41

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  24. Content type: Commentary

    Ophthalmic artery chemosurgery [OAC, intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC)] was introduced in 2006 as treatment modality for intraocular retinoblastoma. The purpose of this commentary is to retrospectively review ...

    Authors: David H. Abramson, Carol L. Shields, Pascal Jabbour, Luiz Fernando Teixeira, José Roberto Falco Fonseca, Marcio Chaves Pedro Marques, Francis L. Munier, Francesco Puccinelli, Theodora Hadjistilianou, Sandra Bracco, Guillermo Chantada, Alejandro Ceciliano and Y. Pierre Gobin

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:40

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  25. Content type: Correction

    After the publication of this article [1], we were made aware that the osmolarity of aflibercept (Eylea) was incorrect and should have been 286 mOsm and not 1000 mOsm. The correct version of Table 1 is shown in t...

    Authors: Bianka Sobolewska, Peter Heiduschka, Karl‑Ulrich Bartz‑Schmidt and Focke Ziemssen

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:45

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    The original article was published in International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:22

  26. Content type: Case report

    Susac’s syndrome (SuS) is an uncommon disease characterized by retinal microangiopathy that may be assessed more accurately with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), a new imaging technique which p...

    Authors: Alexandre G. B. Azevedo, Luiz H. Lima, Léo Müller, Flávio Rezende Filho, Cláudio Zett, André Maia and Luiz Roisman

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:39

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  27. Content type: Original article

    To report our experience using 27-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) system for treating patients with combined tractional and rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (CTRRD) involving the macula associated with pro...

    Authors: Yousef J. Cruz-Iñigo and María H. Berrocal

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:38

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  28. Content type: Review

    Pathologic myopia is associated with degenerative changes of the globe, especially at the posterior pole. Eyes affected by pathologic myopia have higher odds to undergo posterior segment surgery and, in those ...

    Authors: Michele Coppola, Alessandro Rabiolo, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Giuseppe Querques and Francesco Bandello

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:37

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Methanol toxicity poses a significant public health problem in developing countries, and in Southeast Asia, where the most common source of poisoning is via adulterated liquor in local drinks. Methanol toxici...

    Authors: Kendra A. Klein, Alexis K. Warren, Caroline R. Baumal and Thomas R. Hedges III

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:36

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Incontinentia pigmenti is a rare X-linked dominant syndrome caused by mutation in the NEMO/IKKgamma gene, and characterized by a spectrum of cutaneous, ocular, neurologic and dental abnormalities. In the eye, ...

    Authors: Stephanie J. Weiss, Archana Srinivasan, Michael A. Klufas and Carol L. Shields

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:34

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  31. Content type: Original article

    Retinal dystrophies constitute a group of diseases characterized by clinical variability and pronounced genetic heterogeneity. Retinitis pigmentosa is the most common subtype of hereditary retinal dystrophy an...

    Authors: Kárita Antunes Costa, Mariana Vallim Salles, Chris Whitebirch, John Chiang and Juliana Maria Ferraz Sallum

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:33

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  32. Content type: Commentary

    This is a review of a book entitled, “Anti-VEGF Use in Ophthalmology,” written by Jay Duker, MD and Michelle Liang, MD. It is an excellent description of the history and development of anti-VEGF agents as wel...

    Authors: Robin A. Vora

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:35

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  33. Content type: Original article

    This paper describes a modified surgical technique for intraocular lens implantation in aphakic eyes with no capsular support.

    Authors: Fernando José De Novelli, Theodomiro Lourenço Garrido Neto, Gabriel de Sena Rabelo, Marcel Eduardo Blumer, Ricardo Suzuki and Ramon Coral Ghanem

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:32

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  34. Content type: Review

    Retinal and choroidal neovascularization are a major cause of significant visual impairment, worldwide. Understanding the various factors involved in the accompanying physiopathology is vital for development o...

    Authors: Thiago Cabral, Luiz Guilherme M. Mello, Luiz H. Lima, Júlia Polido, Caio V. Regatieri, Rubens Belfort Jr. and Vinit B. Mahajan

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:31

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Retinoblastoma is considered the most common intraocular malignancy in childhood, comprising 4% of all pediatric cancers. Management of retinoblastoma has evolved over the past two decades and intra-ophthalmic...

    Authors: Camila V. Ventura, Audina M. Berrocal, Jennifer Thomson, Fiona J. Ehlies, Azeema Latiff and Timothy G. Murray

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:30

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  36. Content type: Original Article

    To correlate retina-choroidal anatomy as assessed via swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) with retinal function as determined by best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG).

    Authors: Ignacio Flores-Moreno, Luis Arias-Barquet, Marcos J. Rubio-Caso, Alex Muñoz-Blanco, María Vidal-Martí, Jaume Catala-Mora, José M. Ruiz-Moreno, Jay S. Duker and Josep M. Caminal

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:29

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  37. Content type: Original article

    To assess normal vessel flow density (VFD) in macular and peripapillary regions of eyes with no known ocular pathology using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).

    Authors: Muhammad Hassan, Mohammad Ali Sadiq, Muhammad Sohail Halim, Rubbia Afridi, Mohamed K. Soliman, Salman Sarwar, Aniruddha Agarwal, Diana V. Do, Quan Dong Nguyen and Yasir Jamal Sepah

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:27

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  38. Content type: Original article

    To report the incidence and clinical features of patients that experienced un-explained visual loss following silicone oil (SO) removal.

    Authors: Jose A. Roca, Lihteh Wu, Maria Berrocal, Francisco Rodriguez, Arturo Alezzandrini, Gustavo Alvira, Raul Velez-Montoya, Hugo Quiroz-Mercado, J. Fernando Arevalo, Martín Serrano, Luiz H. Lima, Marta Figueroa, Michel Farah and Giovanna Chico

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:26

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  39. Content type: Original article

    To evaluate artifacts in macular ganglion cell inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness measurement in eyes with retinal pathology using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT).

    Authors: Rayan A. Alshareef, Abhilash Goud, Mikel Mikhail, Hady Saheb, Hari Kumar Peguda, Sunila Dumpala, Shruthi Rapole and Jay Chhablani

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:25

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  40. Content type: Case report

    To report the clinical, electrophysiological and the anatomical findings in a patient with Kearns–Sayre syndrome (KSS).

    Authors: Alvaro Ortiz, Juan Arias, Pedro Cárdenas, John Villamil, Marcela Peralta, Luis C. Escaf and Jacobo Ortiz

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:24

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  41. Content type: Original article

    Intravitreal injection (IVI) is a very common vitreoretinal procedure, and multiple injections are often required per patient. This systematic review was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of various loca...

    Authors: Helio Francisco Shiroma, Augusto Key Karazawa Takaschima, Michel Eid Farah, Ana Luisa Höfling-Lima, Graziela de Luca Canto, Roberto Henrique Benedetti and Eduardo Buchele Rodrigues

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:23

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  42. Content type: Original article

    The aim of the study was to measure pH changes of the human vitreous caused by the intravitreal drugs bevacizumab, ranibizumab, aflibercept, and ziv-aflibercept.

    Authors: Bianka Sobolewska, Peter Heiduschka, Karl-Ulrich Bartz-Schmidt and Focke Ziemssen

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:22

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    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:45

  43. Content type: Original article

    Central vision loss in diabetic retinopathy is commonly related to diabetic macular edema (DME). The objective of this study was to describe changes between consecutive visits on optical coherence tomography a...

    Authors: Aditya Gill, Emily D. Cole, Eduardo A. Novais, Ricardo N. Louzada, Talisa de Carlo, Jay S. Duker, Nadia K. Waheed, Caroline R. Baumal and Andre J. Witkin

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:19

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  44. Content type: Original article

    To compare the multimodal imaging findings of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients who are good or poor responders to low-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT).

    Authors: Abdullah Ozkaya, Ruveyde Garip, Zeynep Alkin and Muhittin Taskapili

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:20

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