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  1. Original article

    Segmentation errors in macular ganglion cell analysis as determined by optical coherence tomography in eyes with macular pathology

    To evaluate artifacts in macular ganglion cell inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness measurement in eyes with retinal pathology using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT).

    Rayan A. Alshareef, Abhilash Goud, Mikel Mikhail, Hady Saheb, Hari Kumar Peguda, Sunila Dumpala, Shruthi Rapole and Jay Chhablani

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:25

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  2. Original article

    Patient pain during intravitreal injections under topical anesthesia: a systematic review

    Intravitreal injection (IVI) is a very common vitreoretinal procedure, and multiple injections are often required per patient. This systematic review was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of various loca...

    Helio Francisco Shiroma, Augusto Key Karazawa Takaschima, Michel Eid Farah, Ana Luisa Höfling-Lima, Graziela de Luca Canto, Roberto Henrique Benedetti and Eduardo Buchele Rodrigues

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:23

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  3. Original article

    Visualization of changes in the foveal avascular zone in both observed and treated diabetic macular edema using optical coherence tomography angiography

    Central vision loss in diabetic retinopathy is commonly related to diabetic macular edema (DME). The objective of this study was to describe changes between consecutive visits on optical coherence tomography a...

    Aditya Gill, Emily D. Cole, Eduardo A. Novais, Ricardo N. Louzada, Talisa de Carlo, Jay S. Duker, Nadia K. Waheed, Caroline R. Baumal and Andre J. Witkin

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:19

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  4. Original article

    The comparison of multimodal imaging findings of central serous chorioretinopathy patients in regard to the early anatomically treatment response to half-fluence photodynamic therapy: a retrospective case–control study

    To compare the multimodal imaging findings of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients who are good or poor responders to low-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT).

    Abdullah Ozkaya, Ruveyde Garip, Zeynep Alkin and Muhittin Taskapili

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:20

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  5. Original article

    Gamma knife radiosurgery for the treatment of uveal melanoma and uveal metastases

    This study retrospectively analyzed outcomes for patients undergoing gamma knife radiosurgery (GKR) for uveal melanoma (UM) and intraocular metastases.

    Margaret M. Reynolds, Andrea L. Arnett, Ian F. Parney, Ravi Kumar, Nadia N. Laack, Patrick R. Maloney, Timothy F. Kozelsky, Yolanda I. Garces, Robert L. Foote and Jose S. Pulido

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:17

    Published on: 29 May 2017

  6. Original article

    Visual rehabilitation via microperimetry in patients with geographic atrophy: a pilot study

    Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the western world. As a consequence of AMD, patients develop structural damage that comprises the fovea and subsequently present loss...

    Juan Abel Ramírez Estudillo, Mario Isaías León Higuera, Sergio Rojas Juárez, Maria de Lourdes Ordaz Vera, Yessica Pablo Santana and Benito Celis Suazo

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:21

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  7. Original article

    Aqueous vascular endothelial growth factor and clinical outcomes correlation after single intravitreal injection of bevacizumab in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration

    To evaluate the concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in aqueous humor after a single intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (IVB) in eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration...

    Thiago Cabral, Luiz H. Lima, Júlia Polido, Jimmy Duong, Érika Okuda, Akiyoshi Oshima, Pedro Serracarbassa, Caio V. Regatieri and Rubens Belfort Jr

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:6

    Published on: 1 May 2017

  8. Original article

    Characteristics and racial variations of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy in tertiary centers in the United States and United Kingdom

    To evaluate the characteristics and racial variations amongst patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in the United States and the United Kingdom.

    Tarek Alasil, Nelida Munoz, Pearse A. Keane, Adnan Tufail, Patrick A. Coady, Eduardo Novais, Talisa E. de Carlo, Caroline R. Baumal, Nadia K. Waheed, Jay S. Duker and Ron A. Adelman

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:9

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  9. Case report

    Bilateral retinitis following typhoid fever

    Post typhoid fever immune related reactions affecting the eye is a rare finding which can have various presentations in which typhoid retinopathy is not a well recognized sequelae.

    M. Prabhushanker, Tasneem T. Topiwalla, Geetha Ganesan and Sripal Appandaraj

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:11

    Published on: 10 April 2017

  10. Original article

    Effect of intravitreal aflibercept on recalcitrant diabetic macular edema

    Despite anti-VEGF therapy, some patients develop chronic diabetic macular edema. The objective of this study was to evaluate anatomic and visual outcomes of switching patients with chronic DME from intravitre...

    Kendra A. Klein, Tina S. Cleary and Elias Reichel

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:16

    Published on: 3 April 2017

  11. Review

    Multi-modal imaging and anatomic classification of the white dot syndromes

    The white dot syndromes (WDS) are a diverse group of posterior uveitidies that share similar clinical findings but are unique from one another. Multimodal imaging has allowed us to better understand the morpho...

    Meisha L. Raven, Alexander L. Ringeisen, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Maxwell S. Stem, Lisa J. Faia and Justin L. Gottlieb

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:12

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  12. Review

    Diabetic retinopathy and OCT angiography: clinical findings and future perspectives

    In diabetic retinopathy (DR), macular involvement can present as either macular edema or ischemia. Fluorescein angiography remains the gold standard in the evaluation of retinal vascular perfusion and diagnosi...

    Jose Mauricio Botto de Barros Garcia, David Leonardo Cruvinel Isaac and Marcos Avila

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:14

    Published on: 13 March 2017

  13. Original article

    Long-term complications of sulfur mustard poisoning: retinal electrophysiological assessment in 40 severely intoxicated Iranian veterans

    The eye is one of the most sensitive organs to sulfur mustard (SM) [C4H8Cl2S], and preliminary symptoms of exposure usually become evident in the eyes. In this study we aim to evaluate the possible long-term reti...

    Nasser Shoeibi, Mir Naghi Mousavi, Mahdi Balali-Mood, Mohammad Moshiri, Emadodin Darchini-Maragheh, Seyed Reza Mousavi and Mojtaba Abrishami

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:7

    Published on: 6 March 2017

  14. Original article

    The comparative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of ranibizumab for neovascular macular degeneration revisited

    To compare a near decade of follow-up, newer control cohort data, use of both the societal and third party insurer cost perspectives, and integration of unilateral/bilateral therapy on the comparative effecti...

    Gary C. Brown, Melissa M. Brown, Heidi B. Lieske, Adam Turpcu and Yamina Rajput

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:5

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  15. Review

    Arboviruses and the eye

    Arthropod-borne viruses, or arboviruses, are viruses that are transmitted through the bites of mosquitoes and ticks. There are numerous arboviruses throughout the world capable of causing human disease spannin...

    Gabriel Costa de Andrade, Camila V. Ventura, Paulo Augusto de Arruda Mello Filho, Maurício Maia, Silvana Vianello and Eduardo Büchele Rodrigues

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:4

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  16. Case report

    The unusual association of inverse retinitis pigmentosa and Fuchs’ heterochromic iridocyclitis

    Classic retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and other syndromic variants have previously been associated to Fuchs’ heterochromic iridocyclitis (FHI). Common immunogenic and inflammatory pathways have been proposed to ex...

    Gian Franco Díez-Cattini, David Arturo Ancona-Lezama, Carlos Valdés-Lara and Virgilio Morales-Cantón

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:3

    Published on: 23 January 2017

  17. Original article

    Vascular changes on fluorescein angiography of premature infants with low risk of retinopathy of prematurity after high oxygen exposure

    To describe a wide array of peripheral vascular changes using fluorescein angiography in preterm neonates, without high risk characteristics for developing retinopathy of prematurity, that were exposed to high...

    Maria Ana Martinez-Castellanos, Raul Velez-Montoya, Kenneth Price, Andree Henaine-Berra, Gerardo García-Aguirre, Virgilio Morales-Canton and Linda Alejandra Cernichiaro-Espinosa

    International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:2

    Published on: 16 January 2017

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The official journal of the Brazilian Retina and Vitreous Society

International Journal of Retina and Vitreous is endorsed by the Pan American Society of Retina and Vitreous