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Table 1 Descriptive data

From: Effect of retinol and α-tocopherol supplementation on photoreceptor and retinal ganglion cell apoptosis in diabetic rats model

Group Treatment Photoreceptor cells density (mean ± SD) p-value Ganglion cells density (mean ± SD) p-value Caspase-3 expression on Photoreceptor cells (n) p-value Caspase-3 expression on Ganglion cells (mean ± SD) p-value Caspase-7 expression on Photoreceptor cells (n) p-value Caspase-7 expression on Ganglion cells (mean ± SD) p-value Blood glucose level (mean ± SD)
1 Negative control
(Wild type)
843 ± 32 0.002a 26 ± 1 0.010a High: 0
Low: 2
Neg: 3
0.016b 16.80 ± 3.701 0.010a High: 0
Low: 3
Neg: 2
0.069b 18.60 ± 1.94 0.010a 82 ± 2
2 Alloxan induction
without treatment
565 ± 95 19 ± 3 High: 4
Low: 1
Neg: 0
76.20 ± 14.97 High: 2
Low: 3
Neg: 0
77.20 ± 10.82 276 ± 15
3 Retinol for 7 days 536 ± 138 18 ± 5 High: 2
Low: 3
Neg: 0
33.80 ± 5.16 High: 2
Low: 3
Neg: 0
44.80 ± 25.78 349 ± 63
4 α-tocopherol for 7 days 701 ± 88 25 ± 5 High: 1
Low: 4
Neg: 0
32.80 ± 2.28 High: 2
Low: 3
Neg: 0
27.20 ± 3.27 426 ± 45
5 Combination of retinol and α-tocopherol for 7 days 614 ± 156 20 ± 4 High: 3
Low: 2
Neg: 0
43.00 ± 10.70 High: 3
Low: 2
Neg: 0
40.60 ± 8.29 400 ± 83
6 Retinol for 14 days (pre and post induction) 599 ± 93 20 ± 5 High: 3
Low: 2
Neg: 0
37.00 ± 3.53 High:3
Low: 2
Neg: 0
44.80 ± 4.60 387 ± 81
7 α -tocopherol for 14 days (pre and post alloxan induction) 752 ± 190 27 ± 2 High: 1
Low: 4
Neg: 0
38.60 ± 7.79 High: 2
Low: 3
Neg: 0
32.40 ± 4.50 404 ± 66
8 Combination of retinol and α-tocopherol for 14 days (pre and post alloxan induction) 657 ± 78 25 ± 5 High: 3
Low: 2
Neg: 0
48.20 ± 6.64 High: 3
Low: 2
Neg: 0
41.40 ± 3.84 424 ± 52
  1. aOne-way ANOVA test (sig < 0.05)
  2. bKruskal–Wallis test (sig < 0.05)