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  1. To adopt a novel artificial intelligence (AI) optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based program to identify the presence of biomarkers associated with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and whether these ca...

    Authors: Lorenzo Ferro Desideri, Rodrigo Anguita, Lieselotte E. Berger, Helena M. A. Feenstra, Davide Scandella, Raphael Sznitman, Camiel J. F. Boon, Elon H. C. van Dijk and Martin S. Zinkernagel
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:42
  2. The use of povidone-iodine for ocular surface asepsis is widespread for intravitreal injections. They became frequent procedures, leading to serial exposure of patients’ eyes to iodinated solutions. In this st...

    Authors: José Henrique Casemiro, Ana Paula Miyagusko Taba Oguido and Antonio Marcelo Barbante Casella
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:41
  3. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of adult blindness in the working age population worldwide, which can be prevented by early detection. Regular eye examinations are recommended and crucial for de...

    Authors: Mia Karabeg, Goran Petrovski, Silvia NW Hertzberg, Maja Gran Erke, Dag Sigurd Fosmark, Greg Russell, Morten C. Moe, Vallo Volke, Vidas Raudonis, Rasa Verkauskiene, Jelizaveta Sokolovska, Inga-Britt Kjellevold Haugen and Beata Eva Petrovski
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:40
  4. The aim of this study is to evaluate near and distance visual acuity (VA) and their correlation with the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25) outcomes in patients with diabetic mac...

    Authors: Zuzana Anwarzai Sulavikova, Zuzana Sustykevicova, Marek Kacerik and Vladimir Krasnik
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:39
  5. This study aims to investigate the factors affecting the vitreous levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VGEF) among patients with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV...

    Authors: Rami Al-Dwairi, Tamam El-Elimat, Abdelwahab Aleshawi, Ahmed Al Sharie, Seren Al Beiruti, Abdallah K. Sharayah and Mohammed Allouh
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:38
  6. Code-free deep learning (CFDL) is a novel tool in artificial intelligence (AI). This study directly compared the discriminative performance of CFDL models designed by ophthalmologists without coding experience...

    Authors: Samir Touma, Badr Ait Hammou, Fares Antaki, Marie Carole Boucher and Renaud Duval
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:37
  7. Applications for artificial intelligence (AI) in ophthalmology are continually evolving. Fundoscopy is one of the oldest ocular imaging techniques but remains a mainstay in posterior segment imaging due to its...

    Authors: Matthew Driban, Audrey Yan, Amrish Selvam, Joshua Ong, Kiran Kumar Vupparaboina and Jay Chhablani
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:36
  8. Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) is a serious condition that occurs when the retina detaches from its underlying retinal pigment epithelium. RRDs associated with giant retinal tears (GRTs) are caused by...

    Authors: Miguel A. Quiroz-Reyes, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Rabia Hussain, Zhe Chi Loh, Erick A. Quiroz-Gonzalez, Miguel A. Quiroz-Gonzalez and Virgilio Lima-Gomez
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:35
  9. Ocular metastases are the most common intraocular tumours in adults. Data regarding the occurrence of these tumours in the Brazilian population is scarce. We aimed to investigate the profile of ocular metastas...

    Authors: Matheus Senna Pereira Ogata, Guilherme Rodrigues Ferreira, Melina Correia Morales and Arthur Gustavo Fernandes
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:34
  10. Describe complications and clinical outcomes of heavy silicone oil (HSO) Oxane HD® use as an alternative to overcome the challenges of performing vitrectomy to treat tractional and rhegmatogenous retinal detac...

    Authors: Ramon Antunes De Oliveira, Vinicius Oliveira Pesquero, Lucas Zago Ribeiro, Murilo Ubukata Polizelli, Aalec Rinhel Souza Ferreira Da Silva, Nilva Simeren Bueno De Moraes, Rodrigo Antonio Brant Fernandes, Octaviano Magalhaes Junior and Mauricio Maia
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:33
  11. To compare the one-year outcomes between intravitreal brolucizumab (IVBr) monotherapy and photodynamic therapy (PDT) as a second-line treatment in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) who did ...

    Authors: Ryoh Funatsu, Hiroto Terasaki, Naohisa Mihara, Shozo Sonoda, Hideki Shiihara and Taiji Sakamoto
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:32
  12. Artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a transformative technology across various fields, and its applications in the medical domain, particularly in ophthalmology, has gained significant attention. The v...

    Authors: Virginia Mares, Marcio B. Nehemy, Hrvoje Bogunovic, Sophie Frank, Gregor S. Reiter and Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:31
  13. Previous studies have shown promising effects of combining intravitreal bevacizumab and suprachoroidal injection of triamcinolone acetonide in treating DME. However, further research is needed.

    Authors: Ameen Marashi, Marwa Baba, Sedra Abu Ghedda, Mohammad Nour Kitaz and Aya Zazo
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:30
  14. Although diabetes is highly prevalent in patients with macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel), progression to severe non-proliferative (NPDR) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is rarely reported. We...

    Authors: Josef Huemer, Tjebo FC Heeren, Abraham Olvera-Barrios, Livia Faes, Antonio M. B. Casella, Edward Hughes, Adnan Tufail and Catherine Egan
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:28

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:29

  15. Our objective was to compare the serum Adropin levels between patients with wet-type Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) and otherwise healthy individuals.

    Authors: Zahra Saeedi-Maleki, Alireza Javadzadeh, Fariborz Brumandpur, Amir Ghorbanihaghjo, Shokoufeh Khanzadeh and Farideh Mousavi
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:27
  16. To assess the relationship between macular choroidal thickness (CT) measurements and retinal sensitivity (RS) in eyes with myopia and different stages of myopic maculopathy.

    Authors: Fillipe de Biaggi Borges da Silva, Luis Claudio Pimentel Silva, Leonardo Provetti Cunha, Leandro Cabral Zacharias, Eduardo V. Navajas, Mario L. R. Monteiro and Rony C. Preti
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:26
  17. To assess the characteristics and outcomes of uveal melanoma management at a tertiary center in the Middle East.

    Authors: Hamid Riazi-Esfahani, Abdulrahim Amini, Babak Masoomian, Mehdi Yaseri, Siamak Sabour, Ali Rashidinia, Mojtaba Arjmand, Seyed Mohsen Rafizadeh, Mohammadkarim Johari, Elias Khalili Pour and Fariba Ghassemi
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:25
  18. To verify the correlation between retinal sensitivity (RS) assessed by the microperimetry (MP) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) parameters measured in eyes submitted to pars-plana vitrectomy (PPV) for id...

    Authors: Aline Mota Freitas Matos, Raphael Lucas Sampaio Defina, Luciana Virgínia Ferreira Costa-Cunha, Leandro Cabral Zacharias, Rony Carlos Preti, Mário Luiz Ribeiro Monteiro and Leonardo Provetti Cunha
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:24
  19. Toxoplasma gondii causes ocular toxoplasmosis (OT), involving inflammation, scarring, and retinal complications. The OT complications were retinal detachment (RD), and retinal breakage (RB). Surgical intervent...

    Authors: Dillan Cunha Amaral, Mark Lane, Eduardo Henrique Cassins Aguiar, Guilherme Nunes Marques, Luiza Visentin Cavassani, Márcio Penha Morterá Rodrigues, Milton Ruiz Alves, José Eduardo Ferreira Manso, Mário Luiz Ribeiro Monteiro and Ricardo Noguera Louzada
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:23
  20. To study the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in developing diabetic macular edema (DME) management recommendations by creating and comparing responses to clinicians in hypothetical AI-generated case scena...

    Authors: Ayushi Choudhary, Nikhil Gopalakrishnan, Aishwarya Joshi, Divya Balakrishnan, Jay Chhablani, Naresh Kumar Yadav, Nikitha Gurram Reddy, Padmaja Kumari Rani, Priyanka Gandhi, Rohit Shetty, Rupak Roy, Snehal Bavaskar, Vishma Prabhu and Ramesh Venkatesh
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:22
  21. Scleral buckling is typically implemented to repair rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD) in young patients. Therefore, there is limited data on post-pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) cataract formation in this c...

    Authors: Venkatkrish M. Kasetty, Pedro F. Monsalve, Dhruv Sethi, Candice Yousif, Thomas Hessburg, Nitin Kumar, Abdualrahman E. Hamad and Uday R. Desai
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:19
  22. To compare changes in the fibrous component of pigment epithelium detachment composition indices (PEDCI-F) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (n-AMD) and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) ov...

    Authors: Stavan V. Shah, Sumit Randhir Singh, Amrish Selvam, Sanjana Harihar, Yash Parmar, Rubble Mangla, Supriya Arora, Kiran K. Vupparaboina, Ramesh Venkatesh and Jay Chhablani
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:18
  23. High myopia represents a health issue and leads to the development of complications that threaten vision. The study of macular changes in high myopia patients has undergone great advances with updated technolo...

    Authors: Marwa Mahmoud Abdellah, Ahmed Ali Amer, Zeiad Hasan Eldaly and Mohamed Abdellatif Anber
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:17
  24. In vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, long-acting gas tamponades (LGT) such as C3F8 or C2F6 may improve surgical success rate due to their prolonged effect compared to a short-acting gas tampona...

    Authors: Verena Schöneberger, Jeany Q. Li, Leonie Menghesha, Frank G. Holz, Friederike Schaub and Tim U. Krohne
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:16
  25. Tuberous Sclerosis (TS) is a rare, multisystem genetic disease caused by mutations in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes, leading to abnormalities in cell differentiation and proliferation. This study aimed to evaluate t...

    Authors: Paula Basso Dias, Anna Carolina Badotti Linhares, Ana Barbara Dias Lopes Urzedo, Rony Carlos Preti, Leandro Cabral Zacharias, Leonardo Provetti Cunha, Mário Luiz Ribeiro Monteiro and Kenzo Hokazono
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:15
  26. Diabetes is a prevalent global concern, with an estimated 12% of the global adult population affected by 2045. Diabetic retinopathy (DR), a sight-threatening complication, has spurred diverse screening approac...

    Authors: Andreas Abou Taha, Sebastian Dinesen, Anna Stage Vergmann and Jakob Grauslund
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:14
  27. To evaluate the structural and functional changes in eyes with neovascular age related macular degeneration (nAMD) in a real-world setting, using Treat and Extend protocol (T&E), comparing four antiangiogenic ...

    Authors: Tereza Kanadani, Neiffer Rabelo, Denise Takahashi, Lucas Magalhães and Michel Farah
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:13
  28. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of blindness and involves retinal capillary damage, microaneurysms, and altered blood flow regulation. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a non-inva...

    Authors: Po Hsiang (Shawn) Yuan, Arman Athwal, Mena Shalaby, Andrew Mehnert, Dao-Yi Yu, Rony C. Preti, Marinko Sarunic and Eduardo V. Navajas
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:12
  29. To study the role of artificial intelligence (AI) to identify key risk factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening and develop recommendations based on clinician and large language model (LLM) based AI pla...

    Authors: Nikhil Gopalakrishnan, Aishwarya Joshi, Jay Chhablani, Naresh Kumar Yadav, Nikitha Gurram Reddy, Padmaja Kumari Rani, Ram Snehith Pulipaka, Rohit Shetty, Shivani Sinha, Vishma Prabhu and Ramesh Venkatesh
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:11
  30. Despite the marked increase in the anatomical success rates of macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) surgery, patients may still complain about unsatisfactory visual outcome. This study aims to co...

    Authors: Asmaa Hassan, Mahmoud Abdel-Radi, Mohamed Omar M Aly and Sara Alattar
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:10
  31. Automated identification of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) features can improve retina clinic workflow efficiency as they are able to detect pathologic findings. The purpose of this stud...

    Authors: Carolina C. S. Valentim, Anna K. Wu, Sophia Yu, Niranchana Manivannan, Qinqin Zhang, Jessica Cao, Weilin Song, Victoria Wang, Hannah Kang, Aneesha Kalur, Amogh I. Iyer, Thais Conti, Rishi P. Singh and Katherine E. Talcott
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:9
  32. To describe the association of serous maculopathy with absence of retinal pigment epithelium (SMARPE) and large drusen in patients with non-neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

    Authors: Luiz H. Lima, João Pedro Romero Braga, Gustavo B. Melo, Wener P. Cella, Adam S. L. Brandão, Rodrigo L. Meirelles, Claudio Zett, Francyne V. R. Cyrino and Rodrigo Jorge
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:8
  33. To evaluate the clinical outcome of subretinal autologous internal limiting membrane (ILM) transplantation during pars-plana vitrectomy for persistent full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) repair.

    Authors: Hanna Camenzind-Zuche, Lucas Janeschitz-Kriegl, Pascal W. Hasler and Christian Prünte
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:7
  34. Perfluorocarbon (PFC)possesses unique chemical properties that favor the pigment epithelium’s adhesion and allows the drainage of subretinal fluid through retinal holes present in retinal detachment cases. How...

    Authors: Sara Margarita Pérez Pérez, Valentina Cárdenas Arias, Daniela Jaramillo Ramírez, Camilo Eduardo Martínez and Nathalie Tamayo Martínez
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:6
  35. Management of vitreoretinal disorders (e.g., neovascular age-related macular degeneration [nAMD] and diabetic macular edema [DME]) have assumed the standard therapy of lifelong anti-VEGF injections with drugs ...

    Authors: Fernando M Penha, Maliha Masud, Zoha A. Khanani, Mathew Thomas, Rodney D. Fong, Kyler Smith, Avishay Chand, Majid Khan, Greggory Gahn, Gustavo Barreto Melo and Arshad M. Khanani
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:5
  36. To compare the choroidal thickness and vascular profile of premature infants with ROP (retinopathy of prematurity) using a handheld SD-OCT device.

    Authors: Mohammadreza Mehrabi Bahar, Farhad Salari, Afsar Dastjanifarahani, Fariba Ghassemi, C. Armitage Harper III and Fatemeh Bazvand
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:4
  37. Intravitreal injections are a common procedure in ophthalmology, often using syringes coated with silicone to aid piston movement and needles coated with silicone oil to facilitate penetration of the sclera. P...

    Authors: Gustavo Barreto Melo and Geoffrey Guy Emerson
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:3
  38. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) patients should be alert for subclinical macroangiopathy. We aimed to investigate the association between retinal neurovascular alteration and systemic arterial stiffness in type 2 di...

    Authors: Sauli Ari Widjaja, William F. Mieler, Wimbo Sasono, Soebagijo A. Soelistijo, Arief S. Kartasasmita, Akira Murakami and Shintaro Nakao
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:2
  39. To evaluate retinal structural and functional changes after silicone oil (SO) removal in eyes with macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

    Authors: Ran Dou, Rui Li, Rui-chan Li, Yan-ru Yu, Jin-xiu Zhou, Rui-mei Li, Xia-ping Wang, Dong-chang Zhang, Jian Jiang and Song Chen
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2024 10:1
  40. The approval of Syfovre® (pegcetacoplan) and Iverzay® (avacincaptad pegol) for the treatment of geographic atrophy (GA) marks a significant advancement in retinal disease therapy, offering both complement 3 an...

    Authors: Carsten H. Meyer, Gustavo Barreto Melo and Arshad M. Khanani
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:80
  41. The epiretinal membrane (ERM) is a nonvascular fibrocellular tissue formed by cellular metaplasia and proliferation at the vitreoretinal surface and is generally treated by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with or ...

    Authors: Miguel A. Quiroz-Reyes, Erick A. Quiroz-Gonzalez, Miguel A. Quiroz-Gonzalez and Virgilio Lima-Gomez
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:77
  42. Telemedicine, the use of telecommunication and information technology to deliver healthcare remotely, has evolved beyond recognition since its inception in the 1970s. Advances in telecommunication infrastructu...

    Authors: Jonathan Than, Peng Y. Sim, Danson Muttuvelu, Daniel Ferraz, Victor Koh, Swan Kang and Josef Huemer
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:76
  43. Failure to recognize the different possible clinical presentations of ocular toxoplasmosis may delay diagnosis and treatment, compromising visual prognosis. The aim of this paper is to describe an atypical pat...

    Authors: Guilherme Macedo Souza, Laurentino Biccas, André Maia, Claudio Silveira and Rubens Belfort Jr.
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:75
  44. To review the available evidence on the different retinal and visual prostheses for patients with retinitis pigmentosa and new implants for other indications including dry age-related macular degeneration.

    Authors: Kailyn A. Ramirez, Laura E. Drew-Bear, Maria Vega-Garces, Henry Betancourt-Belandria and J. Fernando Arevalo
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:73


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