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  1. To describe the incidence of endophthalmitis and the treatment outcomes of acute bacterial endophthalmitis following intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) injections in a Brazilian h...

    Authors: Vinicius Campos Bergamo, Luis Filipe Nakayama, Nilva Simeren Bueno De Moraes, Maria Cecília Zorat Yu, Ana Luiza Höfling-Lima and Maurício Maia
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:58
  2. Significant diurnal fluctuation of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based macular fluid occurs in patients with several macular conditions including diabetic macular edema (DME) and cystoid macular edema due...

    Authors: Blake H. Fortes, Aaron M. Fairbanks, Aravindh A. Nirmalan, David O. Hodge, Kevin Ferenchak and Andrew J. Barkmeier
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:57
  3. The purpose of this study was to compare the impact of intravitreal dexamethasone (DEX) implant during a 12-month period in nondiabetic and diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy (DR) as a treatment fo...

    Authors: Magna Vanessa Rodrigues, Jose Mauricio Botto Garcia, Katia Delalibera Pacheco, Fabricio Tadeu Borges, David Leonardo Cruvinel Isaac and Marcos Avila
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:56
  4. Epiretinal membranes (ERM) represent one of the most common findings in retinal examination. Structural changes of the retinal layers in patients with ERM can be visualized and classified using OCT. The purpos...

    Authors: Verena Anna Englmaier, Jens Julian Storp, Nicole Eter and Sami Al-Nawaiseh
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:55
  5. To report contributory factors and clinical outcomes of central posterior hyaloid fibrosis (CPHF) associated with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).

    Authors: Ramesh Venkatesh, Ashit Handa, Vishma Prabhu, Sai Prashanti Chitturi, Aishwarya Joshi, Isha Acharya, Rubble Mangla, Naresh Kumar Yadav and Jay Chhablani
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:54
  6. First described by Gaucher and associates in 2008, dome-shaped macula (DSM) is an anterior convex protrusion of the macula visible on OCT (optical coherence tomography). Visual impairment in DSM results mainly...

    Authors: Murilo Wendeborn Rodrigues, Thais Bastos, Annelise Nicotti Gonçalves, José Augusto Cardillo, André Messias, Eduardo Cunha de Souza and Rodrigo Jorge
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:53
  7. The purpose of this study was to present a modified surgical technique involving pars plana vitrectomy with large chorioretinectomy for eyes with rupture of the globe due to severe ocular blunt trauma.

    Authors: Marco Mura, Danilo Iannetta, Marco Pellegrini, Leonore A Engelbrecht, Laura Sarti, Francesco Parmeggiani, Abdulrahman Badawi, Hassan Dhibi and Sulaiman Al Sulaiman
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:52
  8. Retinal artery occlusion (RAO) is a vision threatening disease associated with cerebral vascular dysfunction, which may reflect initial signs of cerebral pathology. Early detection of patients in risk of demen...

    Authors: Anna Rebien Clausen, Lonny Stokholm, Morten Blaabjerg, Katrine Hartmund Frederiksen, Frederik Nørregaard Pedersen and Jakob Grauslund
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:50
  9. Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a specific subtype of diabetes with an uncertain impact on mortality and morbidity in post-transplant patients. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common microvascular...

    Authors: Anne Elise Cruz do Carmo Chaves, Thizá Massaia Londero, Monica Oliveira da Silva, Fábio Lavinsky, Cristiane Bauermann Leitão, Andrea Carla Bauer and Daniel Lavinsky
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:49
  10. In supervised Machine Learning algorithms, labels and reports are important in model development. To provide a normality assessment, the OCT has an in-built normative database that provides a color base scale ...

    Authors: Luis Filipe Nakayama, Lucas Zago Ribeiro, Juliana Angelica Estevão de Oliveira, João Carlos Ramos Gonçalves de Matos, William Greig Mitchell, Fernando Korn Malerbi, Leo Anthony Celi and Caio Vinicius Saito Regatieri
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:48
  11. Macular telangiectasia (MacTel) type 2 is observed in patients in their 5th–8th decades of life. The clinical and imaging findings in younger patients is unknown in larger cohorts. The study purpose is to repo...

    Authors: Nikitha Gurram Reddy, Vishma Prabhu, Sumanth Vinayak Sharma, Isha Acharya, Rubble Mangla, Naresh Kumar Yadav, Jay Chhablani, Raja Narayanan and Ramesh Venkatesh
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:47
  12. The aim of this study is to describe and compare the baseline demographic, ocular, and imaging characteristics of a cohort of patients with optic disc pit (ODP) or optic disc coloboma (ODC) maculopathy.

    Authors: Vishma Prabhu, Rubble Mangla, Isha Acharya, Ashit Handa, Atul Thadani, Yash Parmar, Naresh Kumar Yadav, Jay Chhablani and Ramesh Venkatesh
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:46
  13. Choroidal vascularity index (CVI) and choriocapillaris flow area (CFA) are perfusion biomarkers relevant to retinal disease management. There is limited knowledge regarding these biomarkers in eyes that have b...

    Authors: Miguel A. Quiroz-Reyes, Erick A. Quiroz-Gonzalez, Miguel A. Quiroz-Gonzalez and Virgilio Lima-Gomez
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:45
  14. The present study tests the hypothesis that mitochondrial genes have retrograde signaling capacity that influences the expression of nuclear genes related to angiogenesis pathways. Cytoplasmic hybrid (cybrid) ...

    Authors: Rodrigo Donato Costa, Farid José Thomaz Neto, M. Tarek Moustafa, Shari R. Atilano, Marilyn Chwa, Javier Cáceres-del-Carpi, Mohamed Hamid Mohamed, M. Cristina Kenney and Baruch D. Kuppermann
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:44
  15. The removal of high-viscosity silicone oil in retinal surgery is time-intensive. In this laboratory and porcine eye study, we evaluated the efficiency of novel extraction techniques, namely shortened polyimide...

    Authors: Maximilian Hammer, Sonja Schickhardt, Donald Munro, Alexander Scheuerle, Ramin Khoramnia, Philipp Uhl and Gerd U. Auffarth
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:43
  16. Sildenafil citrate (SC) attenuates endothelial dysfunction. However, its effects on diabetic retinopathy (DR), which is mainly a microvascular disease, remain unclear. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...

    Authors: Osama A. Sorour, Elsayed Nassar, Naglaa Sarhan, Noha El-Anwar, Reem A ElKholy, Dina M. Tahoon, Aalaa Sweilam and Dina Tadros
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:42
  17. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of blindness. Our objective was to evaluate the performance of an artificial intelligence (AI) system integrated into a handheld smartphone-based retinal camera for...

    Authors: Fernando Marcondes Penha, Bruna Milene Priotto, Francini Hennig, Bernardo Przysiezny, Bruno Antunes Wiethorn, Julia Orsi, Isabelle Beatriz Freccia Nagel, Brenda Wiggers, Jose Augusto Stuchi, Diego Lencione, Paulo Victor de Souza Prado, Fernando Yamanaka, Fernando Lojudice and Fernando Korn Malerbi
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:41
  18. To describe the development and outcome of mid-phase pinpoint hyperfluorescent spots (MPHS) on fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) in acute (< 7-day symptom onset) central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) pati...

    Authors: Rubble Mangla, Ramesh Venkatesh, Vishma Prabhu, Isha Acharya, Ashit Handa, Atul Thadani, Aishwarya Joshi, Naresh Kumar Yadav and Jay Chhablani
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:40
  19. To investigate the association between retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and evidence of previous, unnoticed inner nuclear layer (INL) infarction in the fellow eye.

    Authors: Ramin Nourinia, Seyed Mohammadjavad Mashhadi, Seyed-Hossein Abtahi and Hosein Nouri
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:39
  20. Vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors have substantially improved the visual outcomes in patients with macular edema (ME) caused by branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), but treatment outcomes are high...

    Authors: Katrine Hartmund Frederiksen, Frederik Nørregaard Pedersen, Anna Stage Vergmann, Dawei Yang, Caroline Schmidt Laugesen, Jesper Pindbo Vestergaard, Torben Lykke Sørensen, Carol Y Cheung, Ryo Kawasaki, Tunde Peto and Jakob Grauslund
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:38
  21. To study the optical coherence tomography (OCT) changes in eyes with acute central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) of different severity and at different disease stages.

    Authors: Rubble Mangla, Ramesh Venkatesh, Rohini Sangoram, Isha Acharya, Yash Parmar, Vishma Prabhu, Naresh Kumar Yadav and Jay Chhablani
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:37
  22. To assess micro current to improve vision for dry age-related macular degeneration. Dry age-related macular degeneration is a major cause of blindness, disability, and severe erosion of quality of life, throug...

    Authors: Kevin M. Parkinson, Eric C. Sayre and Sheldon W. Tobe
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:36
  23. Several optical coherence tomography (OCT) biomarkers have been proposed as predictors for functional and anatomical outcomes in Diabetic Macular Edema (DME). This study aims to examine the impact of these OCT...

    Authors: Giacomo Visioli, Ludovico Alisi, Elvia Mastrogiuseppe, Giuseppe Maria Albanese, Enrico Romano, Ludovico Iannetti, Marta Armentano, Francesca Giovannetti and Magda Gharbiya
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:35
  24. Intravitreal injections are the most common ophthalmic procedure worldwide and are also a prime opportunity for waste reduction. This study analyzes the feasibility, environmental impact, and cost of reusing s...

    Authors: Loi V. Vo, Vanessa Mastrorilli, Alfonse J. Muto and Geoffrey G. Emerson
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:34
  25. We conducted a systematic review to compare  the effects of pneumatic vitreolysis (PV), enzymatic vitreolysis (EVL) with ocriplasmin, and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) on vitreomacular traction (VMT) syndrome an...

    Authors: Miguel A. Quiroz-Reyes, Erick A. Quiroz-Gonzalez, Miguel A. Quiroz-Gonzalez and Virgilio Lima-Gomez
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:33
  26. To compare the microvascular features of different subtypes of diabetic macular edema (DME) by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).

    Authors: Ghada A. Nassar, Ibrahim M. Maqboul, Ayman Gehad El-Nahry, Lameece Moustafa Hassan and Ahmed B. Shalash
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:32
  27. To measure the proportion of unexplained and all causes of visual loss following primary rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment (RRD) repair, comparing gas tamponade (SF6, C2F6, C3F8), silicone oil (SO, 1000cs and 500...

    Authors: George Moussa, Maria Tadros, Soon Wai Ch’ng, Mariantonia Ferrara, Dimitrios Kalogeropoulos, Ash Sharma, Kim Son Lett, Arijit Mitra, Ajai K Tyagi and Walter Andreatta
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:30
  28. The treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) has evolved significantly since the initial use of panretinal photocoagulation as a treatment in the 1950s. Vascular endothelial growth factor inhibito...

    Authors: J. Fernando Arevalo and Bradley Beatson
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:29
  29. Given the persistently large public health impact of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nARMD) despite many years of anti-VEGF therapy as the first-line treatment and the demonstrated ability of b-b...

    Authors: José Edísio da Silva Tavares Neto, Francyne Veiga Reis Cyrino, Moises Moura Lucena, Ingrid U. Scott, André Márcio Vieira Messias and Rodrigo Jorge
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:28
  30. We investigated the effect of the number of laser shots applied on the myopic variables to elucidate the mechanism of myopia development in laser-treated retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) eyes.

    Authors: Shotaro Asano, Tatsuya Inoue, Kana Kure, Marie Kitano, Asahi Fujita, Miyuki Nagahara, Ryo Asaoka and Ryo Obata
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:27
  31. To study the clinical utility of broad-range real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) assay in patients suspected for infectious uveitis and to analyze the clinical relevance.

    Authors: Sahba Fekri, Ehsan Barzanouni, Shahram Samiee and Masoud Soheilian
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:26
  32. Intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) injections are the standard of care for diabetic macular edema (DME), a common complication of diabetes. This study aimed to identify factors in...

    Authors: Rajya L Gurung, Liesel M FitzGerald, Ebony Liu, Bennet J McComish, Georgia Kaidonis, Bronwyn Ridge, Alex W Hewitt, Brendan J Vote, Nitin Verma, Jamie E Craig and Kathryn P Burdon
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:23
  33. To compare real-life data on delayed intravitreal treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME) patients to early treatment.

    Authors: Sai Prashanti Chitturi, Ramesh Venkatesh, Rubble Mangla, Yash Parmar, Rohini Sangoram, Naresh Kumar Yadav and Jay Chhablani
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:22
  34. Image-sharpening algorithms with color adjustments enable real-time processing of the surgical field with a delay of 4 msec for heads-up surgery using digital three-dimensional displays. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Kosuke Nakajima, Makoto Inoue, Aya Takahashi, Yuji Yoshikawa, Masaharu Mizuno, Takashi Koto, Tomoka Ishida and Tetsuro Oshika
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:21
  35. Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) is a vision-threatening condition that can be treated with various surgical approaches. The role of scleral buckling remains controversial because of its potential long-...

    Authors: Miguel A. Quiroz-Reyes, Erick A. Quiroz-Gonzalez, Miguel A. Quiroz-Gonzalez and Virgilio Lima-Gomez
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:19

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:25

  36. To evaluate the choroidal structure in patients with inherited retinal diseases (IRDs) by investigating the choroidal vascularity index (CVI).

    Authors: Kia Bayat, Kiana Hassanpour, Hamideh Sabbaghi, Sahba Fekri, Narsis Daftarian, Tahmineh Motevasseli, Fatemeh Suri, Bahareh Kheiri, Mehdi Yaseri and Hamid Ahmadieh
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:18
  37. Given differences in the pathogenic mechanisms underlying primary retinal detachment (RD) as a function of the status of the lens, the objective was to explore differences between pseudophakic and phakic patie...

    Authors: Ane Gibelalde, Sergio Pinar-Sueiro, Oliver Ibarrondo, Itziar Martínez-Soroa, Javier Mendicute and Miguel Ruiz Miguel
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:17
  38. Cryoglobulinemia, the presence of serum cryoglobulins which are immunoglobulins or complement components that precipitate at temperatures below 37 °C, commonly present with cutaneous manifestations initially, ...

    Authors: Patrick Wang, Pushpinder Kanda, Yao Wang and Manpartap Bal
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:16
  39. This study aims to compare the performance of the 25+® UltraVit® 5000 cuts per minute (cpm) vitrectomy probe versus the 25+ ® Ultravit 10,000 cpm® beveled tip, dual drive vitrectomy probe.

    Authors: Nicholas S. K. Fung, Anthony K. H. Mak, Marten Brelen, Chi Wai Tsang, Shaheeda Mohamed and Wai Ching Lam
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:15
  40. The aim of this study is to investigate the safety of combined intravitreal injection of dexamethasone aqueous-solution (IVD) and bevacizumab (IVB) in patients with refractory diabetic macular edema (DME) and ...

    Authors: Francyne Veiga Reis, Pedro Dalgalarrondo, José Edisio da Silva Tavares Neto, Murilo Wendeborn Rodrigues, Ingrid U. Scott and Rodrigo Jorge
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:13
  41. Focal laser photocoagulation is an important treatment option for diabetic macular edema (DME). This study aimed to examine the retinal sensitivity (RS) and morphological changes at the coagulated site after d...

    Authors: Yasuko Ikegami, Tomoyasu Shiraya, Fumiyuki Araki, Takashi Ueta, Taku Toyama, Tomohiko Yanagita, Jiro Numaga, Nobuyuki Shoji and Satoshi Kato
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:12
  42. Scleral buckling has been the standard for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair in young patients given the typical lack of posterior vitreous detachment, phakic status, and lower risk of proliferative vit...

    Authors: Venkatkrish M. Kasetty, Jennifer Aye, Nish Patel, Nitika Tripathi, Thomas Hessburg, Nitin Kumar, Uday R. Desai and Abdualrahman E. Hamad
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:11
  43. to evaluate the pain-relieving effect of analgesic combinations during pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP) in patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR).

    Authors: Mohammadkarim Johari, Sarah Safniyat, Mohammadreza Badie, Abdulrahim Amini and Fatemeh Sanie-Jahromi
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:10
  44. Cone contrast threshold testing (CCT) provides quantitative measurements of color and contrast function to reveal changes in vision quality that are not standard endpoints in clinical trials. We utilize CCT to...

    Authors: Kayla M. White, Itamar Livnat, Caroline R. Frambach, John Doan, Urmi V. Mehta, Clara Yuh, Anton M. Palma, Kimberly A. Jameson, M. Cristina Kenney, Mitul C. Mehta, Chantal J. Boisvert, Wade R. Crow and Andrew W. Browne
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:9


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