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  1. Content type: Original article

    Vessel flow density (VFD) may provide important information regarding perfusion status. Diurnal variation in VFD of choriocapillaris has not been reported in literature. In the index study, optical coherence t...

    Authors: Salman Sarwar, Muhammad Hassan, Mohamed K. Soliman, Muhammad Sohail Halim, Mohammad Ali Sadiq, Rubbia Afridi, Aniruddha Agarwal, Diana V. Do, Quan Dong Nguyen and Yasir J. Sepah

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:37

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  2. Content type: Original article

    To report the long-term outcome of the management of a series of culture proven post pars plana vitrectomy endophthalmitis in which the infective agent was in the silicone oil used as an endotamponade. The iso...

    Authors: Ogugua Ndubuisi Okonkwo, Adekunle Olubola Hassan, Olufemi Oderinlo and Michael Ekuoba Gyasi

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:35

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  3. Content type: Review

    The purpose of this review is to examine the role of eplerenone in the treatment of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR).

    Authors: Irini Chatziralli, Aikaterini Vlachodimitropoulou, Chrysoula Daoula, Christina Vrettou, Eleni Galani, George Theodossiadis and Panagiotis Theodossiadis

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:33

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  4. Content type: Original article

    To evaluate subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) change in diabetes and in various grades of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in comparison to age-matched healthy subjects.

    Authors: Vikas Ambiya, Ashok Kumar, V. K. Baranwal, Gaurav Kapoor, Amit Arora, Nidhi Kalra and Jyoti Sharma

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:34

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  5. Content type: Review

    The close structural and microcirculatory co-relation between anterior and posterior segments of eye make them very vulnerable to complications when one of them is affected surgically. With the advent of anti-...

    Authors: Niroj Kumar Sahoo, Pasyanthi Balijepalli, Sumit Randhir Singh, Mahima Jhingan, Sirisha Senthil and Jay Chhablani

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:29

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  6. Content type: Original article

    To report the clinical course and multimodal imaging features of acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR) complicated by choroidal neovascularization (CNV) treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth fac...

    Authors: Ugo Introini, Giuseppe Casalino, Elona Dhrami-Gavazi, Sri Krishna Mukkamala, Sarah Mrejen, Hermann Schubert, Salomon Y. Cohen, Claudio Azzolini, Francesco Bandello, Stanley Chang and Lawrence A. Yannuzzi

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:32

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  7. Content type: Original article

    To compare the efficacy and safety of conventional and navigated laser photocoagulation as the primary treatment option for retinal arteriolar macroaneurysm (RAM).

    Authors: Dmitrii S. Maltsev, Alexei N. Kulikov, Bhushan Uplanchiwar, Luiz H. Lima and Jay Chhablani

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:28

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  8. Content type: Original article

    To describe characteristics of choroidal osteomas (CO), using ocular ultrasound, fluorescein angiography, ultra-widefield retinal imaging, ultra-widefield autofluorescence, optical coherence tomography, enhanc...

    Authors: Francisco Olguin-Manríquez, Ana Bety Enríquez, Nicolás Crim, Miroslava Meraz-Gutierrez, Vidal Soberón-Ventura, Ismael Ávila, Virgilio Morales-Canton and Juan Manuel Jimenez-Sierra

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:30

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  9. Content type: Original article

    To evaluate the efficacy of selective episcleral delivery of celecoxib formulated in a sustained-release episcleral exoplant on a model of retinal and choroidal neovascularization induced in rabbits by subreti...

    Authors: Luiz H. Lima, Michel E. Farah, Glenwood Gum, Pamela Ko and Ricardo A. de Carvalho

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:31

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Iodine deficiency is a common preventable cause of intellectual and developmental disabilities. Iodine in the form of potassium iodate is added to the common salt under the National Iodine Deficiency Disorder ...

    Authors: Y. C. Venu Gopal Reddy, Anuj Sharma, Adheesh P. Shetty and Syed Mohideen Abdul Kader

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:27

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  11. Content type: Case report

    The ocular manifestations of cystic fibrosis typically present with surface irritation or nyctalopia due to Vitamin A deficiency, however, there have been two previous reports of patients with cystic fibrosis ...

    Authors: Matthew R. Starr, Suzanne M. Norby, John P. Scott and Sophie J. Bakri

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:26

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  12. Content type: Original article

    To determine the effect of the silicone on the dexamethasone intravitreal implant.

    Authors: Erick Omar Flores-Villalobos, J. Abel Ramírez-Estudillo, Atzin Robles-Contreras and Jacqueline L. Oliva-Ramírez

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:24

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  13. Content type: Case Report

    For the majority of eyes with choroidal melanoma, radiation therapy is the treatment of choice. Local recurrence after radiation therapy can occur, however, and when it does, salvaging the globe with useful vi...

    Authors: Osama A. Sorour, John E. Mignano and Jay S. Duker

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:23

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  14. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that one of the authors’ name is spelled incorrectly. In this correction, the incorrect and correct author names are shown.

    Authors: Jose S. Pulido, Patrick B. Johnston, Grzegorz S. Nowakowski, Alessia Castellino and Harish Raja

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:22

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    The original article was published in International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:18

  15. Content type: Original article

    Advances in neonatal care promoted increased survival rates of preterm infants, with a consequent increase in the number of children affected by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study estimates the incid...

    Authors: André Moraes Freitas, Ricardo Mörschbächer, Mariana R. Thorell and Ernani Luis Rhoden

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:20

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  16. Content type: Review

    To describe the recent diagnostic and treatment options for the most predominant form of primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL), namely diffuse large B cell lymphoma. This is mainly based on the experience at t...

    Authors: Jose S. Pulido, Patrick B. Johnston, Grzegorz S. Nowakowski, Alessia Castellino and Harish Raja

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:18

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    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:22

  17. Content type: Case report

    Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genetic mutations and intra-procedural inhaled nitrous oxide (N2O) independently increase blood levels of homocysteine, a compound associated with thrombosis. Patients ...

    Authors: Kelley J. Bohm, Y. Pierre Gobin, Jasmine H. Francis, Gabrielle McInerney, Anahita Dabo-Trubelja, Paul H. Dalecki, Brian P. Marr and David H. Abramson

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:16

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  18. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The aim of this article is to underline the effect of pregnancy on the variations of choroidal thickness caused by hormonal and haemodynamic changes.

    Authors: Lorenzo Ferro Desideri, Fabio Barra, Simone Ferrero and Aldo Vagge

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:14

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  19. Content type: Original article

    To describe optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) findings in patients with retinal vasculitis and to compare them to current fluorescein angiography (FA) findings.

    Authors: Julio Zaki Abucham-Neto, André Augusto Miranda Torricelli, Aline Cristina Fioravanti Lui, Sarah Napoli Guimarães, Heloisa Nascimento and Caio Vinícius Regatieri

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:15

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  20. Content type: Original article

    Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) plays a significant role in maintenance of integrity of retinal photoreceptors and choriocapillaries. RPE derives its blood supply through ophthalmic artery (OA) via choriocapi...

    Authors: Manila Khatri, Sandeep Saxena, Apjit Kaur, Shashi K. Bhasker, Manoj Kumar and Carsten H. Meyer

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:12

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  21. Content type: Original article

    To evaluate the retinal and choroidal alterations in steroid-associated central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) in comparison to idiopathic CSC.

    Authors: Vikas Ambiya, Abhilash Goud, Mohammed Abdul Rasheed, Sankeert Gangakhedkar, Kiran Kumar Vupparaboina and Jay Chhablani

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:11

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  22. Content type: Original article

    Among the retinal vascular diseases, burden of retinal vein occlusion is most common immediately after diabetic retinopathy. Intravitreal corticosteroids are gaining popularity in managing macular edema (ME) ...

    Authors: S. K. Mishra, A. Gupta, S. Patyal, S. Kumar, K. Raji, A. Singh and V. Sharma

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:13

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Precise, submillimeter visualization of retinal microstructures is useful for treatment monitoring of retinoblastoma. Herein, we report the use of hand-held optical coherence tomography (HH-OCT) to document a ...

    Authors: Mark McGarrey, Thamolwan Surakiatchanukul and Carol L. Shields

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:9

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  24. Content type: Original article

    To assess closure rate after a single surgery of large macular holes and their visual recovery in the short term with three different surgical techniques.

    Authors: Raul Velez-Montoya, J. Abel Ramirez-Estudillo, Carl Sjoholm-Gomez de Liano, Francisco Bejar-Cornejo, Jorge Sanchez-Ramos, Jose Luis Guerrero-Naranjo, Virgilio Morales-Canton and Sergio E. Hernandez-Da Mota

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:8

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Mitomycin C (MMC) as an alkylating agent is miscellaneous an antineoplastic, antibiotic and ophthalmic agent. Here we aim to report a case of inadvertent intravitreal MMC injection instead of Avastin in case o...

    Authors: Ahmad Mirshahi, Alireza Lashay, Mohammad Reza Mehrabi Bahar and Mojtaba Abrishami

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:7

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  26. Content type: Original article

    Evaluation of the impact of different macular optical coherence parameters on visual acuity as early as 1 day after injection of ranibizumab in patients with subfoveal exsudative age-related macular degeneration.

    Authors: Nicole Antunes de Almeida and Osias Francisco de Souza

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:5

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  27. Content type: Original article

    The impact of pregnancy on the choroid is still under investigation. The aim of this study is to compare choroidal thickness measurements of healthy pregnant women in the third trimester and healthy non-pregna...

    Authors: Camila Zanella Benfica, Teresinha Zanella, Lucas Brandolt Farias, Maria Lúcia Rocha Oppermann, Luis Henrique Santos Canani and Daniel Lavinsky

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:6

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  28. Content type: Original article

    To evaluate macular pigment optical density (MPOD) and to identify its determinants in a sample of Brazilian individuals.

    Authors: Letícia Pinto Coelho Jorge, Carlos Eduardo Gonçalves Pereira, Eduardo Jorge and Marcos Pereira de Ávila

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:4

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  29. Content type: Original article

    Polydimethyl silicones (silicone oils) are used in complex retinal surgeries, including difficult or recurrent retinal detachments, severe eye trauma, and other indications for long term tamponade. Two major ...

    Authors: Shira Sheen-Ophir, Mordechai Rosner and Alexander Rubowitz

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:3

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  30. Content type: Review

    Autoimmune retinopathy (AIR) is a rare and still poorly understood immune-mediated disease that may cause inflammation from circulating autoantibodies against the retina. It may be related to history of autoim...

    Authors: Aristófanes Mendonça Canamary Jr., Walter Yukihiko Takahashi and Juliana Maria Ferraz Sallum

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2018 4:1

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  31. Content type: Original article

    To report fluorescein angiography findings in a group of albuminuric Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients without diabetic retinopathy.

    Authors: Fernando Korn Malerbi, Caio Vinicius Regatieri, João Roberto de Sa, Paulo Henrique Morales, Michel Eid Farah and Sergio Atala Dib

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:49

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  32. Content type: Original article

    To compare the recurrence rate and need for reoperation after epiretinal membrane surgery with and without removal of the internal limiting membrane.

    Authors: Fernando José De Novelli, Mauro Goldbaum, Mario Luiz Ribeiro Monteiro, Fabio Bom Aggio, Mario Junqueira Nóbrega and Walter Yukihiko Takahashi

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:48

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  33. Content type: Original article

    To compare the primary anatomical outcome of pars plana vitrectomy, 360° peripheral endolaser, and 15% octafluoropropane C3F8 gas tamponade in patients with uncomplicated rhegmatogenous detachment and inferior re...

    Authors: Radwan Ajlan, Jordan Isenberg, Ghassan Cordahi, Renaud Duval, Sébastien Olivier and Flavio Rezende

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:47

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  34. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Here we present procedural and safety results from our initial experience using 3D heads-up vitrectomy for retinal detachment surgery. The comparison with our outcomes from previous standard surgery shows how ...

    Authors: Michele Coppola, Carlo La Spina, Alessandro Rabiolo, Giuseppe Querques and Francesco Bandello

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:46

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become an invaluable tool in retinoblastoma management, providing submillimeter visualization of tumor control following treatment. Herein, we document OCT-detection of a...

    Authors: Vera Yarovaya, Kareem Sioufi and Carol L. Shields

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:43

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  36. Content type: Original article

    To review long time treatment results in patients with small or medium sized choroidal melanoma who underwent surgical tumor endoresection as a primary treatment when plaque radiotherapy was unable and patient...

    Authors: Andre A. C. Vidoris, Andre Maia, Marcia Lowen, Melina Morales, Jordan Isenberg, Bruno F. Fernandes and Rubens N. Belfort

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:42

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  37. Content type: Original article

    Subretinal cell transplantation is a challenging surgical maneuver. This paper describes the preliminary findings of a new tissue injector for subretinal implantation of an ultrathin non-absorbable substrate ...

    Authors: Rodrigo A. Brant Fernandes, Francisco R. Stefanini, Paulo Falabella, Michael J. Koss, Trent Wells, Bruno Diniz, Ramiro Ribeiro, Paulo Schor, Mauricio Maia, Fernando M. Penha, David R. Hinton, Yu-Chong Tai and Mark Humayun

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:41

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  38. Content type: Commentary

    Ophthalmic artery chemosurgery [OAC, intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC)] was introduced in 2006 as treatment modality for intraocular retinoblastoma. The purpose of this commentary is to retrospectively review ...

    Authors: David H. Abramson, Carol L. Shields, Pascal Jabbour, Luiz Fernando Teixeira, José Roberto Falco Fonseca, Marcio Chaves Pedro Marques, Francis L. Munier, Francesco Puccinelli, Theodora Hadjistilianou, Sandra Bracco, Guillermo Chantada, Alejandro Ceciliano and Y. Pierre Gobin

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:40

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Susac’s syndrome (SuS) is an uncommon disease characterized by retinal microangiopathy that may be assessed more accurately with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), a new imaging technique which p...

    Authors: Alexandre G. B. Azevedo, Luiz H. Lima, Léo Müller, Flávio Rezende Filho, Cláudio Zett, André Maia and Luiz Roisman

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:39

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  40. Content type: Correction

    After the publication of this article [1], we were made aware that the osmolarity of aflibercept (Eylea) was incorrect and should have been 286 mOsm and not 1000 mOsm. The correct version of Table 1 is shown in t...

    Authors: Bianka Sobolewska, Peter Heiduschka, Karl‑Ulrich Bartz‑Schmidt and Focke Ziemssen

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:45

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    The original article was published in International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:22

  41. Content type: Original article

    To report our experience using 27-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) system for treating patients with combined tractional and rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (CTRRD) involving the macula associated with pro...

    Authors: Yousef J. Cruz-Iñigo and María H. Berrocal

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2017 3:38

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The official journal of the Brazilian Retina and Vitreous Society


International Journal of Retina and Vitreous is endorsed by the Pan American Society of Retina and Vitreous


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