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  1. Intravitreal injections (IVIs), a common treatment in ophthalmology, result in acute complications and urgent follow-up visits causing significant burden to both patient and physician. We evaluated the inciden...

    Authors: Alexander Miller, Matthew A. Wilneff, Andrew Yazji, Emily Petrinec, Michael Carbone, Chase Miller, Christina McCrossin, Richard Donkor and David G. Miller

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:8

    Content type: Original article

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  2. The tomographic finding, which has been called the "fingerprint sign" in en face reconstructions, seems to be the result of a variety of processes that cause distension of the outer plexiform layer (OPL) and the ...

    Authors: Ruy Felippe Brito Gonçalves Missaka, Mauro Goldbaum, Cleide Guimarães Machado, Emmett T. Cunningham Jr, Fernanda Maria Silveira Souto, Marcelo Mendes Lavezzo, Priscilla Figueiredo Campos da Nóbrega, Viviane Mayumi Sakata, Maria Kiyoko Oyamada, Carlos Eduardo Hirata and Joyce Hisae Yamamoto

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:7

    Content type: Original article

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  3. The variable visual function observed in diabetic retinopathy (DR) patients is not fully explained by the classic staging system. Our purpose was to evaluate choroidal changes, in standardized sectors, in DR p...

    Authors: João Heitor Marques, Ana Marta, Catarina Castro, Pedro Manuel Baptista, Diana José, Daniel Almeida, António Ribeiro and Irene Barbosa

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:6

    Content type: Original article

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  4. Birdshot retinochoroiditis (BRC) is a rare and chronic bilateral uveitis mostly found in Caucasians. As few data are available about the clinical course of BRC in Hispanic patients, we aimed to report the clin...

    Authors: Maria Luisa Gois da Fonsêca, Raul N. G. Vianna, Anna C. H. Rocha, Antonio M. B. Casella, Arnaldo Cialdini, Cristina Muccioli, Daniela S. da Costa, Daniel R. Lucena, Daniel V. Vasconcelos-Santos, Eduardo Morizot, Elaine Castro, Ever E. C. Rodriguez, Felipe T. Diligenti, Fernanda B. O. Porto, Heloisa Nascimento, Joyce H. Yanamoto…

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:5

    Content type: Original article

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  5. Hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR amyloidosis) is a rare condition where a mutation in the transthyretin gene leads to systemic deposition of amyloid. The manifestations and prognosis of ATTR amyloido...

    Authors: Nikhil S. Patil, Munir M. Iqbal and Lulu L. C. D. Bursztyn

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:4

    Content type: Case report

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  6. To describe the epidemiological traits, clinical characteristics, diagnostic procedures, therapeutic interventions and evolution in a large series of patients with diagnosis of Eales’ disease.

    Authors: Sergio Murillo López, Silvia Medina Medina and Fernando Murillo López

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:3

    Content type: Original article

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  7. The advent of Anti- VEGFs like Lucentis (Ranibizumab), Eylea (Aflibercept) and off-label Avastin (Bevacizumab) have radically improved visual outcomes in patients of neovascular Age Related Macular Degeneratio...

    Authors: Monika Kapur, Suvansh Nirula and Mayuresh P. Naik

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:2

    Content type: Review

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  8. Artificial intelligence and automated technology were first reported more than 70 years ago and nowadays provide unprecedented diagnostic accuracy, screening capacity, risk stratification, and workflow optimiz...

    Authors: Luis Filipe Nakayama, Lucas Zago Ribeiro, Mariana Batista Gonçalves, Daniel A. Ferraz, Helen Nazareth Veloso dos Santos, Fernando Korn Malerbi, Paulo Henrique Morales, Mauricio Maia, Caio Vinicius Saito Regatieri and Rubens Belfort Mattos Jr

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:1

    Content type: Commentary

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  9. To quantitatively evaluate the vitreomacular interface of eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to investigate its association with the 1-year treatment outcome following intravitrea...

    Authors: Manabu Miyata, Sotaro Ooto, Kenji Yamashiro, Hiroshi Tamura, Akihito Uji, Masahiro Miyake, Yuki Muraoka, Ayako Takahashi and Akitaka Tsujikawa

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:77

    Content type: Original article

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  10. To evaluate the effects of intravitreal silicone oil (SO) on the retinal and choroidal thickness in eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

    Authors: Heshmatollah Ghanbari, Farzan Kianersi, Alireza Jamshidi Madad, Alireza Dehghani, Alireza Rahimi, Awat Feizi and Afsaneh Naderi Beni

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:76

    Content type: Review

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  11. Modern surgical interventions effectively treat macular holes (MHs) more than 90%. Current surgical treatment for MHs is pars plana vitrectomy with epiretinal membrane, internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling...

    Authors: Mohd-Asyraaf Abdul-Kadir and Lik Thai Lim

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:75

    Content type: Review

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  12. To assess the morphological and functional outcome of intravitreal aflibercept following the treat and extend protocol compared to the fixed protocol for treatment of eyes with neovascular age-related macular ...

    Authors: Alaa Din Abdin, Asem Mohamed, Cristian Munteanu, Isabel Weinstein, Achim Langenbucher, Berthold Seitz and Shady Suffo

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:74

    Content type: Original article

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  13. To evaluate retinal thickness and capillary density in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and their association with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT).

    Authors: Monica Oliveira da Silva, Anne Elise Cruz do Carmo Chaves, Glauber Corrêa Gobbato, Mateus Augusto dos Reis, Fabio Lavinsky, Beatriz D’Agord Schaan and Daniel Lavinsky

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:73

    Content type: Original article

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  14. To describe the visual acuity and anatomic outcomes of intravitreal methotrexate (MTX) for the treatment of primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL).

    Authors: Casey L. Anthony, J. Clay Bavinger, Jessica G. Shantha, Ghazala D. O’Keefe, William A. Pearce, Alfredo Voloschin, Hans E. Grossniklaus and Steven Yeh

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:72

    Content type: Original article

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  15. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of retinal autofluorescence findings in COVID-19 patients. Observational study conducted in São Paulo in 2020. Demographic, medical history, and c...

    Authors: Paula M. Marinho, Alléxya A. A. Marcos, Ana M. C. Branco, Walid M. Mourad, Victoria Sakamoto, Andre C. Romano, Michel Farah, Richard B. Rosen, Paulo Schor, Paulo Abraao, Heloisa Nascimento and Rubens Belfort Jr

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:71

    Content type: Original article

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  16. To evaluate spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings as biomarkers in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) with or without ocular involvement.

    Authors: Muhammad Hassan, Muhammad Sohail Halim, Rubbia Afridi, Nam V. Nguyen, Quan Dong Nguyen and Yasir J. Sepah

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:70

    Content type: Original article

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  17. Degenerative retinoschisis is a common condition defined by the splitting of the neurosensory retina that may rarely be associated with progressive retinal detachment (RD). Here, we aim to describe the anatomi...

    Authors: Bradley Beatson, Alex Pham, Sally S. Ong, Ishrat Ahmed, J. Fernando Arevalo and James T. Handa

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:69

    Content type: Original article

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  18. The current study aimed to evaluate growth and neurodevelopmental status in patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB).

    Authors: Majid Abrishami, Hassan Boskabadi, Mojtaba Abrishami, Farid Shekarchian, Majid Khadem-Rezaiyan and Nasser Shoeibi

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:68

    Content type: Original article

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  19. To screen for ocular abnormalities in healthy full-term newborn infants using wide-field digital imaging and to analyze factors associated with the findings.

    Authors: Rita S. Sitorus, Indra Maharddhika Pambudy, Rinawati Rohsiswatmo, Julie Dewi Barliana, Dian Estu Yulia and Indah Suci Widyahening

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:67

    Content type: Original article

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  20. Injections are widely performed in the healthcare practice. Silicone has long been thought to be an inert and harmless material. Although used for decades in medical implants, including heart valves, breast im...

    Authors: Gustavo Barreto Melo, Yehuda Shoenfeld and Eduardo Büchele Rodrigues

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:66

    Content type: Commentary

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  21. To describe the outcomes of patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) who received the Argus II Retinal Prosthesis System.

    Authors: J. Fernando Arevalo, Saba Al Rashaed, Tariq A. Alhamad, Eman Al Kahtani and Hassan A. Al-Dhibi

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:65

    Content type: Original article

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  22. To describe the spontaneous closure of a degenerative lamellar macular hole with epiretinal proliferation (LHEP) as documented with tracked spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).

    Authors: Rony C. Preti, Leandro C. Zacharias, Leonardo P. Cunha, Mario L. R. Monteiro and David Sarraf

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:64

    Content type: Case report

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  23. To report a clinical case of a patient affected with choroideremia (CHM) who underwent macular surgery for a macular hole (MH) with Lamellar Hole-associated Epiretinal Proliferation (LHEP).

    Authors: Vittoria Murro, Dario Pasquale Mucciolo, Dario Giorgio, Tomaso Caporossi, Ilaria Passerini, Daniele Bani, Fabrizio Giansanti, Gianni Virgili and Andrea Sodi

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:63

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Subthreshold microsecond pulsing laser is an increasingly common treatment approach for central serous chorioretinopathy. However, there is no literature available on the safety of microsecond laser using diff...

    Authors: Jay Chhablani, Gagan Kalra, Lubna Alkwatli, Bernd Fassbender, Francesca Amoroso, Khushboo Chandra, Samantha Ankireddy, Dmitrii Maltsev, Nina-Antonia Striebe and Eric Souied

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:62

    Content type: Original article

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  25. To evaluate choroidal thickness (CT) in diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy (DR) in relation to the urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER).

    Authors: Doaa Maamoun Ashour, Amany Abd El-Fattah El-Shazly, Randa Hesham Ali Abdelgawad and Mohamed Ibrahim Saleh

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:61

    Content type: Original article

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  26. Intraocular osseous metaplasia is a rare histological finding associated with benign cellular transformation. Its development requires inflammatory cytokines and the process takes many years. Previous case rep...

    Authors: Yi-Ran Chiou, Lei-Chi Wang and Yu-Bai Chou

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:59

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Intraocular lymphoma accounts for fewer than 1% of intraocular tumors. When the posterior segment is involved, it can be further classified as vitreoretinal or choroidal lymphoma. Vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL) ...

    Authors: Aditya Rali, Lucy T. Xu, Caroline Craven, Jonathon B. Cohen, Steven Yeh, Hans E. Grossniklaus and Ghazala D. O’Keefe

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:58

    Content type: Case report

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  28. To compare the functional and anatomic outcomes at 24 months of eyes with a primary macular hole that failed to close after a prior surgery and were treated with either an autologous transplantation of interna...

    Authors: Arturo Alezzandrini, Camila I. Dorrego, María Victoria Cibrán, Valentina Cortina-Revelli, Franco D. Rocco, Marcelo Zas and Lihteh Wu

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:57

    Content type: Original article

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  29. Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of vision loss in the elderly population. Neovascular AMD comprises 10% of all cases and can lead to devastating visual loss due to choroidal neo...

    Authors: Sruthi Arepalli and Peter K. Kaiser

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:55

    Content type: Review

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  30. To investigate the visual and anatomical outcomes associated with treat-and-extend (TAE) regimen of intravitreal (IVT) aflibercept in eyes with treatment naïve neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nvA...

    Authors: Mohamed Kamel Soliman, Nicolas Tuli, Thomas K. Lee, William A. Britton and Raman Tuli

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:54

    Content type: Original article

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  31. As intravitreal anti-VEGF injections became the mainstay of treatment for many retinal diseases, the cause of a secondary sustained elevated intraocular pressure is still unclear. The aim of our study was to s...

    Authors: Yariv Keshet, Orly Gal-Or, Michal Schaap Fogler, Karin Mimouni, Meydan Ben Ishai, Dov Weinberger and Assaf Dotan

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:53

    Content type: Original article

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  32. To present a series of acute central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) cases showing internal limiting membrane detachment (ILMD) on optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to describe the possible etiopathogenes...

    Authors: Ramesh Venkatesh, Chaitra Jayadev, Akhila Sridharan, Arpitha Pereira, Nikitha Gurram Reddy, Jophy Philip Cherry, Naresh Kumar Yadav and Jay Chhablani

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:51

    Content type: Original article

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  33. Patients with 13q-syndrome are at risk of retinoblastoma when the RB1 gene, located in the chromosomal band 13q14.2, is deleted. This syndrome is frequently associated with congenital malformations and developmen...

    Authors: Pablo Gargallo, Silvestre Oltra, Julia Balaguer, Honorio Barranco, Yania Yáñez, Vanessa Segura, Antonio Juan-Ribelles, Inés Calabria, Margarita Llavador, Victoria Castel and Adela Cañete

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:50

    Content type: Case report

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  34. The challenge of COVID-19 has rapidly changed medical management worldwide. The relatively small time from pandemic to vaccines regulatory approval triggered a race toward vaccines development. However, import...

    Authors: Janaína Jamile Ferreira Saraceno, Guilherme Macedo Souza, Luciana Peixoto dos Santos Finamor, Heloisa Moraes Nascimento and Rubens Belfort Jr

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:49

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  35. To determine the application of fluorescein angiographic (FA) findings and Behcet’s disease ocular attack score 24 (BOS24) scoring system in predicting poor visual outcome in patients with ocular Behcet’s dise...

    Authors: Narumon Keorochana, Nathamon Homchampa, Sritatath Vongkulsiri and Raveewan Choontanom

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:48

    Content type: Original article

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  36. Our study aimed to assess and compare the accuracy of 8 intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation formulas (Barrett Universal II, EVO 2.0, Haigis, Hoffer Q, Holladay 1, Kane and PEARL-DGS) in patients submitted...

    Authors: Diogo Hipólito-Fernandes, Maria Elisa Luís, Diogo Maleita, Pedro Gil, Vitor Maduro, Lívio Costa, Nuno Marques, João Branco and Nuno Alves

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:47

    Content type: Original article

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  37. The aim of this article is to report the presence of choroidal loculation of fluid and choroidal cavern in a case of choroidal osteoma, previously undescribed in this disease.

    Authors: Ricardo Luz Leitão Guerra, Rafael Cicconi Arantes, Eduardo Ferrari Marback and Carol L Shields

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:46

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  38. Prenatal exposure to Cannabis is a worldwide growing problem. Although retina is part of the central nervous system, the impact of maternal Cannabis use on the retinal development and its postnatal consequence...

    Authors: Paulo Roberto Arruda Zantut, Mariana Matera Veras, Sarah Gomes Menezes Benevenutto, Angélica Mendonça Vaz Safatle, Ricardo Augusto Pecora, Victor Yuji Yariwake, Janaina Iannicelli Torres, Gustavo Sakuno, Marco Antonio Garcia Martins, Aline Adriana Bolzan, Walter Yukihiko Takahashi, Paulo Hilario Nascimento Saldiva and Francisco Max Damico

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:45

    Content type: Original article

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  39. The idea to use smartphone for fundus photography was put forward in 2010. Over the last decade, there has been a dramatic development in this field. This narrative review focuses on the principle of smartphon...

    Authors: Usama Iqbal

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:44

    Content type: Review

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  40. To develop and validate a questionnaire for the investigation of non-adherence (NA) barriers in patients receiving intravitreal injection (IVT).

    Authors: Sabrina Müller, Sophia Junker, Thomas Wilke, Albrecht Lommatzsch, Alexander K. Schuster, Hakan Kaymak, Christoph Ehlken and Focke Ziemssen

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:43

    Content type: Original article

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  41. The aim of this paper is to present a novel bimanual double aspiration technique to avoid intraoperative giant tear slippage. The major problem of giant retinal tears (GRT) surgery is the mobility of the poste...

    Authors: Javier Placeres Daban, Daniel Artieda García, Sebastian Yaluff Portilla and José Isidro Belda Sanchís

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:42

    Content type: Original article

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  42. To report a case of unilateral acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) in a Hispanic convalescent COVID-19 female patient.

    Authors: Francisco Olguín-Manríquez, Linda Cernichiaro-Espinosa, Arturo Olguín-Manríquez, Rebeca Manríquez-Arias, Erick Omar Flores-Villalobos and Perla Ayumi Kawakami-Campos

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:41

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Idiopathic epiretinal membrane (iERM) is a common retinal disease in the elderly population. The exact pathogenesis of iERM is unknown. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between aqueous flar...

    Authors: Yasuko Ikegami, Jiro Numaga, Saori Ue and Tomohiro Sano

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:40

    Content type: Original article

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  44. To evaluate the results of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and silicone oil (SO) tamponade with or without encircling scleral band for repair of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in children with buphthalmos.

    Authors: Hammouda Hamdy Ghoraba, Sameh Mohamed El Gouhary, Ali Ahmed Ali Ghali, Mohamed Ahmed Abdelhafez, Adel Galal Zaky, Mahmoud Leila, Mohamed Amin Heikal and Hosam Othman Mansour

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:39

    Content type: Original article

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  45. The purpose of the current study is to report the anatomical and functional results of off-label human amniotic membrane graft as primary intervention to repair large to giant macular holes and in reoperations...

    Authors: Magno A. Ferreira, André Maia, André J. Machado, Raquel E. A. Ferreira, Luiz Felipe Hagemann, Pedro Hélio E. Ribeiro Júnior and Flávio A. Rezende

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:38

    Content type: Original article

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  46. Intraocular inflammation is an uncommon but potentially vision-threatening adverse event related to anti-VEGF therapy. This is of increasing importance given both the volume of injections performed, as well as...

    Authors: William J. Anderson, Natasha Ferreira Santos da Cruz, Luiz Henrique Lima, Geoffrey G. Emerson, Eduardo Büchele Rodrigues and Gustavo Barreto Melo

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:37

    Content type: Review

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  47. To analyze the relationship between the central foveal thickness (CFT) and the integrity of the ellipsoid portion of inner segments (EPIS) and interdigitating zone (IZ) retinal layers in the visual outcome of ...

    Authors: Carlos Alvarez-Guzman, Andres Bustamante-Arias, Maria F. Colorado-Zavala and Alejandro Rodriguez-Garcia

    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2021 7:36

    Content type: Original article

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