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  1. To compare the microvascular features of different subtypes of diabetic macular edema (DME) by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).

    Authors: Ghada A. Nassar, Ibrahim M. Maqboul, Ayman Gehad El-Nahry, Lameece Moustafa Hassan and Ahmed B. Shalash
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:32
  2. To measure the proportion of unexplained and all causes of visual loss following primary rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment (RRD) repair, comparing gas tamponade (SF6, C2F6, C3F8), silicone oil (SO, 1000cs and 500...

    Authors: George Moussa, Maria Tadros, Soon Wai Ch’ng, Mariantonia Ferrara, Dimitrios Kalogeropoulos, Ash Sharma, Kim Son Lett, Arijit Mitra, Ajai K Tyagi and Walter Andreatta
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:30
  3. The treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) has evolved significantly since the initial use of panretinal photocoagulation as a treatment in the 1950s. Vascular endothelial growth factor inhibito...

    Authors: J. Fernando Arevalo and Bradley Beatson
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:29
  4. Given the persistently large public health impact of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nARMD) despite many years of anti-VEGF therapy as the first-line treatment and the demonstrated ability of b-b...

    Authors: José Edísio da Silva Tavares Neto, Francyne Veiga Reis Cyrino, Moises Moura Lucena, Ingrid U. Scott, André Márcio Vieira Messias and Rodrigo Jorge
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:28
  5. We investigated the effect of the number of laser shots applied on the myopic variables to elucidate the mechanism of myopia development in laser-treated retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) eyes.

    Authors: Shotaro Asano, Tatsuya Inoue, Kana Kure, Marie Kitano, Asahi Fujita, Miyuki Nagahara, Ryo Asaoka and Ryo Obata
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:27
  6. To study the clinical utility of broad-range real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) assay in patients suspected for infectious uveitis and to analyze the clinical relevance.

    Authors: Sahba Fekri, Ehsan Barzanouni, Shahram Samiee and Masoud Soheilian
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:26
  7. Intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) injections are the standard of care for diabetic macular edema (DME), a common complication of diabetes. This study aimed to identify factors in...

    Authors: Rajya L Gurung, Liesel M FitzGerald, Ebony Liu, Bennet J McComish, Georgia Kaidonis, Bronwyn Ridge, Alex W Hewitt, Brendan J Vote, Nitin Verma, Jamie E Craig and Kathryn P Burdon
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:23
  8. To compare real-life data on delayed intravitreal treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME) patients to early treatment.

    Authors: Sai Prashanti Chitturi, Ramesh Venkatesh, Rubble Mangla, Yash Parmar, Rohini Sangoram, Naresh Kumar Yadav and Jay Chhablani
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:22
  9. Image-sharpening algorithms with color adjustments enable real-time processing of the surgical field with a delay of 4 msec for heads-up surgery using digital three-dimensional displays. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Kosuke Nakajima, Makoto Inoue, Aya Takahashi, Yuji Yoshikawa, Masaharu Mizuno, Takashi Koto, Tomoka Ishida and Tetsuro Oshika
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:21
  10. Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) is a vision-threatening condition that can be treated with various surgical approaches. The role of scleral buckling remains controversial because of its potential long-...

    Authors: Miguel A. Quiroz-Reyes, Erick A. Quiroz-Gonzalez, Miguel A. Quiroz-Gonzalez and Virgilio Lima-Gomez
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:19

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:25

  11. To evaluate the choroidal structure in patients with inherited retinal diseases (IRDs) by investigating the choroidal vascularity index (CVI).

    Authors: Kia Bayat, Kiana Hassanpour, Hamideh Sabbaghi, Sahba Fekri, Narsis Daftarian, Tahmineh Motevasseli, Fatemeh Suri, Bahareh Kheiri, Mehdi Yaseri and Hamid Ahmadieh
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:18
  12. Given differences in the pathogenic mechanisms underlying primary retinal detachment (RD) as a function of the status of the lens, the objective was to explore differences between pseudophakic and phakic patie...

    Authors: Ane Gibelalde, Sergio Pinar-Sueiro, Oliver Ibarrondo, Itziar Martínez-Soroa, Javier Mendicute and Miguel Ruiz Miguel
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:17
  13. Cryoglobulinemia, the presence of serum cryoglobulins which are immunoglobulins or complement components that precipitate at temperatures below 37 °C, commonly present with cutaneous manifestations initially, ...

    Authors: Patrick Wang, Pushpinder Kanda, Yao Wang and Manpartap Bal
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:16
  14. This study aims to compare the performance of the 25+® UltraVit® 5000 cuts per minute (cpm) vitrectomy probe versus the 25+ ® Ultravit 10,000 cpm® beveled tip, dual drive vitrectomy probe.

    Authors: Nicholas S. K. Fung, Anthony K. H. Mak, Marten Brelen, Chi Wai Tsang, Shaheeda Mohamed and Wai Ching Lam
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:15
  15. The aim of this study is to investigate the safety of combined intravitreal injection of dexamethasone aqueous-solution (IVD) and bevacizumab (IVB) in patients with refractory diabetic macular edema (DME) and ...

    Authors: Francyne Veiga Reis, Pedro Dalgalarrondo, José Edisio da Silva Tavares Neto, Murilo Wendeborn Rodrigues, Ingrid U. Scott and Rodrigo Jorge
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:13
  16. Focal laser photocoagulation is an important treatment option for diabetic macular edema (DME). This study aimed to examine the retinal sensitivity (RS) and morphological changes at the coagulated site after d...

    Authors: Yasuko Ikegami, Tomoyasu Shiraya, Fumiyuki Araki, Takashi Ueta, Taku Toyama, Tomohiko Yanagita, Jiro Numaga, Nobuyuki Shoji and Satoshi Kato
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:12
  17. Scleral buckling has been the standard for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair in young patients given the typical lack of posterior vitreous detachment, phakic status, and lower risk of proliferative vit...

    Authors: Venkatkrish M. Kasetty, Jennifer Aye, Nish Patel, Nitika Tripathi, Thomas Hessburg, Nitin Kumar, Uday R. Desai and Abdualrahman E. Hamad
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:11
  18. to evaluate the pain-relieving effect of analgesic combinations during pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP) in patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR).

    Authors: Mohammadkarim Johari, Sarah Safniyat, Mohammadreza Badie, Abdulrahim Amini and Fatemeh Sanie-Jahromi
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:10
  19. Cone contrast threshold testing (CCT) provides quantitative measurements of color and contrast function to reveal changes in vision quality that are not standard endpoints in clinical trials. We utilize CCT to...

    Authors: Kayla M. White, Itamar Livnat, Caroline R. Frambach, John Doan, Urmi V. Mehta, Clara Yuh, Anton M. Palma, Kimberly A. Jameson, M. Cristina Kenney, Mitul C. Mehta, Chantal J. Boisvert, Wade R. Crow and Andrew W. Browne
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:9
  20. The anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) injection interval influences treatment burden and compliance in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). This real-world study investigates ...

    Authors: Joseph M. Coney, Ryan Zubricky, Samriddhi Buxy Sinha, Nina Sonbolian, Lujia Zhou, Thomas P. Hull, Shawn A. Lewis, David G. Miller, Michael A. Novak, Scott D. Pendergast, Hang Pham, Sean M. Platt, Llewelyn J. Rao, Jerome P. Schartman, Lawrence J. Singerman, Richard Donkor…
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:8
  21. Color vision deficiency impairs one’s ability to perceive and discriminate colors. Color-deficient individuals may face discrimination in various occupations, particularly in medical school admissions. This di...

    Authors: Ting Fang Tan, Andrzej Grzybowski, Paisan Ruamviboonsuk and Anna C. S. Tan
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:5
  22. The CLOSE study group proposes an updated surgical classification for large macular holes based on a systematic review of new treatments. Recently, many new techniques have been introduced to treat large full-...

    Authors: Flavio A. Rezende, Bruna G. Ferreira, Emmanouil Rampakakis, David H. Steel, Michael J. Koss, Zofia A. Nawrocka, Daniela Bacherini, Eduardo B. Rodrigues, Carsten H. Meyer, Tomaso Caporossi, Tamer H. Mahmoud, Stanislao Rizzo, Mark W. Johnson and Jay S. Duker
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:4
  23. Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is a potentially blinding choroidal disease. Despite decades of research, the pathological mechanisms of CSCR are still poorly understood. In recent years, there has bee...

    Authors: Arman Zarnegar, Joshua Ong, Tejaswini Matsyaraja, Supriya Arora and Jay Chhablani
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:3
  24. To assess the response of CNV secondary to chorioretinal diseases to IVA and to explore the adequate dosing regimen and the long-term results.

    Authors: Magdy Moussa, Mahmoud Leila, Mayada Ali Mohamed and Ahmed Osama Hashem
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:2
  25. To determine the safety and efficacy of intravitreal sirolimus and adjunct aflibercept in subjects with persistent, exudative age-related macular degeneration despite previous intravitreal anti-vascular endoth...

    Authors: Lucas W. Rowe, Robert J. Minturn, Lauren A. Burgett, Peter Bracha and Raj K. Maturi
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2023 9:1
  26. To report the clinical features, multi-modal imaging characteristics and their corroboration, and prognostic value of internal limiting membrane detachment (ILMD), a novel OCT biomarker in acute CRAO.

    Authors: Mukesh Jain, Raja Narayanan, Biswajit Barik, Niroj Kumar Sahoo, Vishal Raval and Nikitha G. Reddy
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:86
  27. In this study, we evaluated the incidence and clinical characteristics of post-vitrectomy acute endophthalmitis in a tertiary eye center.

    Authors: SeyedehMaryam Hosseini, Ghazale Daraee, Nasser Shoeibi, Elham Bakhtiari, Mohammad-reza Ansari-astaneh, Mojtaba Abrishami and Mehrdad Motamed Shariati
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:85
  28. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the effect of age as an independent factor for the response to two anti-VEGF agents, intravitreal ranibizumab and intravitreal aflibercept, among patients presented ...

    Authors: Hanan A. Alshalan, J. Fernando Arevalo, Saleh I. Alomary, Husam I. Ardah and Mohammd A. Hazzazi
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:84
  29. The evolution of vitrectomy has led to improved suturless techniques and minimally invasive surgery. Nevertheless, the procedure requires great bimanual dexterity and poses risk for lens touch, especially in t...

    Authors: Goran Petrovski, Lyubomyr Lytvynchuk, Knut Stieger and David Petrovski
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:83
  30. A significant portion of diabetic macular edema (DME) is refractory to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents. This study investigates morphological and functional outcomes to a single intr...

    Authors: Christopher A. Turski, Mitchell A. Jacobs, Michelle M. Abou-Jaoude, Nicholas H. Fowler, Ryan Harpole, Emily Altman, John B. Chadwell, Gabriel Kindl, Hayley R. James, Shivani V. Reddy and Ramiro S. Maldonado
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:81
  31. To evaluate the efficacy of the multi-layer internal limiting membrane plug (MIP) technique in promoting the closure of large full-thickness macular holes (FTMH) and improvement of visual function.

    Authors: Ehab N El Rayes, Mahmoud Leila and Panagiotis Stavrakas
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:80
  32. Geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a retinal neurodegenerative disorder. Human genetic data support the complement system as a key component of pathogenesis in AMD, ...

    Authors: Ted Yednock, Donald S. Fong and Eleonora M. Lad
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:79
  33. to determine the percentage of patients with pachychoroid neovasculopathy (PNV) among patients who have been misdiagnosed and treated with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

    Authors: Mohsen Farvardin, Abdulrahim Amini, Younes Azizpourfard, Masoud Yasemi, Zahra Mahdizad and Mohammadkarim Johari
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:78
  34. Cataract surgery with multifocal IOLs could give patients good vision and great satisfaction, at the same time generating high expectations; therefore, its precise indication is essential if we are to reach ou...

    Authors: Rodrigo Braz Hinnig, Luiz Felipe Silva Martins and Fernando Marcondes Penha
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:77
  35. AQUILA (NCT03470103) was a prospective, observational, 12-month cohort study evaluating treatment patterns, clinical effectiveness, and safety of intravitreal aflibercept (IVT-AFL) in patients from Latin Ameri...

    Authors: Lihteh Wu, Arnaldo F. Bordon, Martin Charles, Francisco J. Rodríguez, JinKyung Lee, Tobias Machewitz, Margarete Mueller, Gabriela del Carmen Gay and Jans Fromow-Guerra
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:76
  36. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a relatively new non-invasive imaging technique to evaluate retinal vascular complexes. However, there is still a lack of standardization and reproducibility ...

    Authors: Luiz Guilherme Marchesi Mello, Taurino dos Santos Rodrigues Neto, Epitácio Dias da Silva Neto, Rony Carlos Preti, Mário Luiz Ribeiro Monteiro and Leandro Cabral Zacharias
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:75
  37. To evaluate the additive effect of topical or sub-tenon injection of interferon (IFN)-α 2b in the treatment of refractory diabetic macular edema.

    Authors: Hooshang Faghihi, Bahman Inanloo, Arash Mirzaee, Kaveh Fadakar, Ahmad Mirshahi, Nazanin Ebrahimiadib, Fariba Ghassemi, Fatemeh Bazvand, Abdulrahman Amini, Masoud Mirghorbani, Shahin Faghihi, Elias Khalili Pour and Hamid Riazi-Esfahani
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:74
  38. To describe the anatomical and functional outcomes and late complications in patients who developed inferior proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) in silicone oil-filled eyes and who required reoperation with ...

    Authors: Gabriel Castilho Sandoval Barbosa, Allan Gomes da Silva, Guilherme Daher Gonçalves Monteiro dos Reis, Frederico Hackbart Bermudes, Carolina Maria Barbosa Lemos, Rafael Garcia, Thiago José Muniz Machado Mazzeo, Cleide Guimarães Machado and André Marcelo Vieira Gomes
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:73
  39. The somatotrophic axis, including hypothalamic growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone (GHRH), pituitary GH and circulating IGF-I, is critical for body size. However, the local production of GH/IGF-I (and IGF-II...

    Authors: Nelmo V. Menezes, Cynthia S. Barros-Oliveira, Roberto Salvatori, Vinicius C. Gois, Cindi G. Marinho, Carla R. P. Oliveira, Viviane C. Campos, Alécia A. Oliveira-Santos, Hertz T. Santos-Júnior, Elenilde G. Santos, Enaldo V. Melo, Augusto C. N. Faro, Neima V. Oliveira, Hérika M. Gumes-Felix, Gustavo B. Melo and Manuel H. Aguiar-Oliveira
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:72
  40. Scanning laser ophthalmoscopes (SLOs) are used widely for reflectance, fluorescence or autofluorescence photography and less commonly for retroillumination imaging. SLOs scan a visible light or near-infrared r...

    Authors: Martin A. Mainster, Thomas Desmettre, Giuseppe Querques, Patricia L. Turner and Gerardo Ledesma-Gil
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:71
  41. To evaluate the rate and risk factors of epiretinal membrane (ERM) formation and need for ERM peeling after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for uncomplicated primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

    Authors: Andrei-Alexandru Szigiato, Fares Antaki, Simon Javidi, Samir Touma, Renaud Duval, Ghassan Cordahi, Sebastien Olivier and Flavio A. Rezende
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:70
  42. To describe chorioretinal signs in a case series of Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA).

    Authors: Antonio M. B. Casella, Ahmad M. Mansour, Souza EC, Rodrigo B. do Prado, Rodrigo Meirelles, Keye Wong, Salma Yassine and Mário Luiz R. Monteiro
    Citation: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous 2022 8:69


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